|Public Act 096-1426|
|HB4658 Enrolled||LRB096 13351 KTG 28052 b|
AN ACT concerning employment.
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
This Act may be cited as the
Employee Credit Privacy Act.
As used in this Act:
"Credit history" means an individual's past borrowing and
repaying behavior, including paying bills on time and managing
debt and other financial obligations.
"Credit report" means any written or other communication of
any information by a consumer reporting agency that bears on a
consumer's creditworthiness, credit standing, credit capacity,
or credit history.
"Employee" means an individual who receives compensation
for performing services for an employer under an express or
implied contract of hire.
"Employer" means an individual or entity that permits one
or more individuals to work or that accepts applications for
employment or is an agent of an employer. "Employer" does not,
(1) Any bank holding company, financial holding
company, bank, savings bank, savings and loan association,
credit union, or trust company, or any subsidiary or
affiliate thereof, that is authorized to do business under
the laws of this State or of the United States.
(2) Any company authorized to engage in any kind of
insurance or surety business pursuant to the Illinois
Insurance Code, including any employee, agent, or employee
of an agent acting on behalf of a company engaged in the
insurance or surety business.
(3) Any State law enforcement or investigative unit,
including, without limitation, any such unit within the
Office of any Executive Inspector General, the Department
of State Police, the Department of Corrections, the
Department of Juvenile Justice, or the Department of
(4) Any State or local government agency which
otherwise requires use of the employee's or applicant's
credit history or credit report.
(5) Any entity that is defined as a debt collector
under federal or State statute.
"Financial information" means non-public information on
the overall financial direction of an organization, including,
but not limited to, company taxes or profit and loss reports.
"Marketable assets" means company property that is
specially safeguarded from the public and to which access is
only entrusted to managers and select other employees. For the
purposes of this Act, marketable assets do not include the
fixtures, furnishings, or equipment of an employer.
"Personal or confidential information" means sensitive
information that a customer or client of the employing
organization gives explicit authorization for the organization
to obtain, process, and keep; that the employer entrusts only
to managers and a select few employees; or that is stored in
secure repositories not accessible by the public or low-level
"State or national security information" means information
only offered to select employees because it may jeopardize the
security of the State or the nation if it were entrusted to the
"Trade secrets" means sensitive information regarding a
company's overall strategy or business plans. This does not
include general proprietary company information such as
handbooks, policies, or low-level strategies.
Employment based on credit history or credit
report not permitted.
(a) Except as provided in this Section, an employer shall
not do any of the following:
(1) Fail or refuse to hire or recruit, discharge, or
otherwise discriminate against an individual with respect
to employment, compensation, or a term, condition, or
privilege of employment because of the individual's credit
history or credit report.
(2) Inquire about an applicant's or employee's credit
(3) Order or obtain an applicant's or employee's credit
report from a consumer reporting agency.
(b) The prohibition in subsection (a) of this Section does
not prevent an inquiry or employment action if a satisfactory
credit history is an established bona fide occupational
requirement of a particular position or a particular group of
an employer's employees. A satisfactory credit history is not a
bona fide occupational requirement unless at least one of the
following circumstances is present:
(1) State or federal law requires bonding or other
security covering an individual holding the position.
(2) The duties of the position include custody of or
unsupervised access to cash or marketable assets valued at
$2,500 or more.
(3) The duties of the position include signatory power
over business assets of $100 or more per transaction.
(4) The position is a managerial position which
involves setting the direction or control of the business.
(5) The position involves access to personal or
confidential information, financial information, trade
secrets, or State or national security information.
(6) The position meets criteria in administrative
rules, if any, that the U.S. Department of Labor or the
Illinois Department of Labor has promulgated to establish
the circumstances in which a credit history is a bona fide
(7) The employee's or applicant's credit history is
otherwise required by or exempt under federal or State law.
Retaliatory or discriminatory acts.
shall not retaliate or discriminate against a person because
the person has done or was about to do any of the following:
(1) File a complaint under this Act.
(2) Testify, assist, or participate in an
investigation, proceeding, or action concerning a
violation of this Act.
(3) Oppose a violation of this Act.
An employer shall not require an
applicant or employee to waive any right under this Act. An
agreement by an applicant or employee to waive any right under
this Act is invalid and unenforceable.
(a) A person who is injured by a violation of this Act may
bring a civil action in circuit court to obtain injunctive
relief or damages, or both.
(b) The court shall award costs and reasonable attorney's
fees to a person who prevails as a plaintiff in an action
authorized under subsection (a) of this Section.
Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Nothing in this Act
shall prohibit employers from conducting a thorough background
investigation, which may include obtaining a report without
information on credit history or an investigative report
without information on credit history, or both, as permitted
under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. This information shall be
used for employment purposes only.