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755 ILCS 45/4-10

    (755 ILCS 45/4-10) (from Ch. 110 1/2, par. 804-10)
    Sec. 4-10. Statutory short form power of attorney for health care.
    (a) The form prescribed in this Section (sometimes also referred to in this Act as the "statutory health care power") may be used to grant an agent powers with respect to the principal's own health care; but the statutory health care power is not intended to be exclusive nor to cover delegation of a parent's power to control the health care of a minor child, and no provision of this Article shall be construed to invalidate or bar use by the principal of any other or different form of power of attorney for health care. Nonstatutory health care powers must be executed by the principal, designate the agent and the agent's powers, and comply with the limitations in Section 4-5 of this Article, but they need not be witnessed or conform in any other respect to the statutory health care power.
    No specific format is required for the statutory health care power of attorney other than the notice must precede the form. The statutory health care power may be included in or combined with any other form of power of attorney governing property or other matters.
    The signature and execution requirements set forth in this Article are satisfied by: (i) written signatures or initials; or (ii) electronic signatures or computer-generated signature codes. Electronic documents under this Act may be created, signed, or revoked electronically using a generic, technology-neutral system in which each user is assigned a unique identifier that is securely maintained and in a manner that meets the regulatory requirements for a digital or electronic signature. Compliance with the standards defined in the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act or the implementing rules of the Hospital Licensing Act for medical record entry authentication for author validation of the documentation, content accuracy, and completeness meets this standard.
    (b) The Illinois Statutory Short Form Power of Attorney for Health Care shall be substantially as follows:
    No one can predict when a serious illness or accident might occur. When it does, you may need someone else to speak or make health care decisions for you. If you plan now, you can increase the chances that the medical treatment you get will be the treatment you want.
    In Illinois, you can choose someone to be your "health care agent". Your agent is the person you trust to make health care decisions for you if you are unable or do not want to make them yourself. These decisions should be based on your personal values and wishes.
    It is important to put your choice of agent in writing. The written form is often called an "advance directive". You may use this form or another form, as long as it meets the legal requirements of Illinois. There are many written and online resources to guide you and your loved ones in having a conversation about these issues. You may find it helpful to look at these resources while thinking about and discussing your advance directive.
    The selection of your agent should be considered carefully, as your agent will have the ultimate decision-making authority once this document goes into effect, in most instances after you are no longer able to make your own decisions. While the goal is for your agent to make decisions in keeping with your preferences and in the majority of circumstances that is what happens, please know that the law does allow your agent to make decisions to direct or refuse health care interventions or withdraw treatment. Your agent will need to think about conversations you have had, your personality, and how you handled important health care issues in the past. Therefore, it is important to talk with your agent and your family about such things as:
        (i) What is most important to you in your life?
        (ii) How important is it to you to avoid pain and
        (iii) If you had to choose, is it more important to
you to live as long as possible, or to avoid prolonged suffering or disability?
        (iv) Would you rather be at home or in a hospital for
the last days or weeks of your life?
        (v) Do you have religious, spiritual, or cultural
beliefs that you want your agent and others to consider?
        (vi) Do you wish to make a significant contribution
to medical science after your death through organ or whole body donation?
        (vii) Do you have an existing advance directive, such
as a living will, that contains your specific wishes about health care that is only delaying your death? If you have another advance directive, make sure to discuss with your agent the directive and the treatment decisions contained within that outline your preferences. Make sure that your agent agrees to honor the wishes expressed in your advance directive.

    If there is ever a period of time when your physician determines that you cannot make your own health care decisions, or if you do not want to make your own decisions, some of the decisions your agent could make are to:
        (i) talk with physicians and other health care
providers about your condition.
        (ii) see medical records and approve who else can see
        (iii) give permission for medical tests, medicines,
surgery, or other treatments.
        (iv) choose where you receive care and which
physicians and others provide it.
        (v) decide to accept, withdraw, or decline treatments
designed to keep you alive if you are near death or not likely to recover. You may choose to include guidelines and/or restrictions to your agent's authority.
        (vi) agree or decline to donate your organs or your
whole body if you have not already made this decision yourself. This could include donation for transplant, research, and/or education. You should let your agent know whether you are registered as a donor in the First Person Consent registry maintained by the Illinois Secretary of State or whether you have agreed to donate your whole body for medical research and/or education.
        (vii) decide what to do with your remains after you
have died, if you have not already made plans.
        (viii) talk with your other loved ones to help come
to a decision (but your designated agent will have the final say over your other loved ones).
    Your agent is not automatically responsible for your health care expenses.
    You can pick a family member, but you do not have to. Your agent will have the responsibility to make medical treatment decisions, even if other people close to you might urge a different decision. The selection of your agent should be done carefully, as he or she will have ultimate decision-making authority for your treatment decisions once you are no longer able to voice your preferences. Choose a family member, friend, or other person who:
        (i) is at least 18 years old;
        (ii) knows you well;
        (iii) you trust to do what is best for you and is
willing to carry out your wishes, even if he or she may not agree with your wishes;
        (iv) would be comfortable talking with and
questioning your physicians and other health care providers;
        (v) would not be too upset to carry out your wishes
if you became very sick; and
        (vi) can be there for you when you need it and is
willing to accept this important role.

    If the person who is your first choice is unable to carry out this role, then the second agent you chose will make the decisions; if your second agent is not available, then the third agent you chose will make the decisions. The second and third agents are called your successor agents and they function as back-up agents to your first choice agent and may act only one at a time and in the order you list them.
    If you become unable to make your own health care decisions and have not named an agent in writing, your physician and other health care providers will ask a family member, friend, or guardian to make decisions for you. In Illinois, a law directs which of these individuals will be consulted. In that law, each of these individuals is called a "surrogate".
    There are reasons why you may want to name an agent rather than rely on a surrogate:
        (i) The person or people listed by this law may not
be who you would want to make decisions for you.
        (ii) Some family members or friends might not be able
or willing to make decisions as you would want them to.
        (iii) Family members and friends may disagree with
one another about the best decisions.
        (iv) Under some circumstances, a surrogate may not be
able to make the same kinds of decisions that an agent can make.

    In this situation, it is especially important to talk to your physician and other health care providers and create written guidance about what you want or do not want, in case you are ever critically ill and cannot express your own wishes. You can complete a living will. You can also write your wishes down and/or discuss them with your physician or other health care provider and ask him or her to write it down in your chart. You might also want to use written or online resources to guide you through this process.
    Follow these instructions after you have completed the form:
        (i) Sign the form in front of a witness. See the
form for a list of who can and cannot witness it.
        (ii) Ask the witness to sign it, too.
        (iii) There is no need to have the form notarized.
        (iv) Give a copy to your agent and to each of your
successor agents.
        (v) Give another copy to your physician.
        (vi) Take a copy with you when you go to the hospital.
        (vii) Show it to your family and friends and others
who care for you.

    You may change your mind at any time. If you do, tell someone who is at least 18 years old that you have changed your mind, and/or destroy your document and any copies. If you wish, fill out a new form and make sure everyone you gave the old form to has a copy of the new one, including, but not limited to, your agents and your physicians. If you are concerned you may revoke your power of attorney at a time when you may need it the most, you may initial the box at the end of the form to indicate that you would like a 30-day waiting period after you voice your intent to revoke your power of attorney. This means if your agent is making decisions for you during that time, your agent can continue to make decisions on your behalf. This election is purely optional, and you do not have to choose it. If you do not choose this option, you can change your mind and revoke the power of attorney at any time.
    In the event you do not want to use the Illinois statutory form provided here, any document you complete must be executed by you, designate an agent who is over 18 years of age and not prohibited from serving as your agent, and state the agent's powers, but it need not be witnessed or conform in any other respect to the statutory health care power.
    If you have questions about the use of any form, you may want to consult your physician, other health care provider, and/or an attorney.

THIS POWER OF ATTORNEY REVOKES ALL PREVIOUS POWERS OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE. (You must sign this form and a witness must also sign it before it is valid)
My name (Print your full name):...............................
My address:...................................................
(an agent is your personal representative under state and federal law):
(Agent name)..................................................
(Agent address)...............................................
(Agent phone number)..........................................
(Please check box if applicable) .... If a guardian of my person is to be appointed, I nominate the agent acting under this power of attorney as guardian.
    If the agent I selected is unable or does not want to make health care decisions for me, then I request the person(s) I name below to be my successor health care agent(s). Only one person at a time can serve as my agent (add another page if you want to add more successor agent names):
(Successor agent #1 name, address and phone number)
(Successor agent #2 name, address and phone number)
        (i) Deciding to accept, withdraw, or decline
treatment for any physical or mental condition of mine, including life-and-death decisions.
        (ii) Agreeing to admit me to or discharge me from any
hospital, home, or other institution, including a mental health facility.
        (iii) Having complete access to my medical and mental
health records, and sharing them with others as needed, including after I die.
        (iv) Carrying out the plans I have already made, or,
if I have not done so, making decisions about my body or remains, including organ, tissue or whole body donation, autopsy, cremation, and burial.
    The above grant of power is intended to be as broad as possible so that my agent will have the authority to make any decision I could make to obtain or terminate any type of health care, including withdrawal of nutrition and hydration and other life-sustaining measures.
I AUTHORIZE MY AGENT TO (please check any one box):
    .... Make decisions for me only when I cannot make them
for myself. The physician(s) taking care of me will determine when I lack this ability.
        (If no box is checked, then the box above shall be
implemented.) OR
    .... Make decisions for me only when I cannot make them
for myself. The physician(s) taking care of me will determine when I lack this ability. Starting now, for the purpose of assisting me with my health care plans and decisions, my agent shall have complete access to my medical and mental health records, the authority to share them with others as needed, and the complete ability to communicate with my personal physician(s) and other health care providers, including the ability to require an opinion of my physician as to whether I lack the ability to make decisions for myself. OR
    .... Make decisions for me starting now and continuing
after I am no longer able to make them for myself. While I am still able to make my own decisions, I can still do so if I want to.

    The subject of life-sustaining treatment is of particular importance. Life-sustaining treatments may include tube feedings or fluids through a tube, breathing machines, and CPR. In general, in making decisions concerning life-sustaining treatment, your agent is instructed to consider the relief of suffering, the quality as well as the possible extension of your life, and your previously expressed wishes. Your agent will weigh the burdens versus benefits of proposed treatments in making decisions on your behalf.
    Additional statements concerning the withholding or removal of life-sustaining treatment are described below. These can serve as a guide for your agent when making decisions for you. Ask your physician or health care provider if you have any questions about these statements.
    .... The quality of my life is more important than the
length of my life. If I am unconscious and my attending physician believes, in accordance with reasonable medical standards, that I will not wake up or recover my ability to think, communicate with my family and friends, and experience my surroundings, I do not want treatments to prolong my life or delay my death, but I do want treatment or care to make me comfortable and to relieve me of pain.
    .... Staying alive is more important to me, no matter how
sick I am, how much I am suffering, the cost of the procedures, or how unlikely my chances for recovery are. I want my life to be prolonged to the greatest extent possible in accordance with reasonable medical standards.

    The above grant of power is intended to be as broad as possible so that your agent will have the authority to make any decision you could make to obtain or terminate any type of health care. If you wish to limit the scope of your agent's powers or prescribe special rules or limit the power to authorize autopsy or dispose of remains, you may do so specifically in this form.
My signature:.................................................
Today's date:.................................................
    .... I elect to delay revocation of this power of attorney for 30 days after I communicate my intent to revoke it.
    .... I elect for the revocation of this power of attorney to take effect immediately if I communicate my intent to revoke it.
    I am at least 18 years old. (check one of the options below):
    .... I saw the principal sign this document, or
    .... the principal told me that the signature or mark on
the principal signature line is his or hers.
    I am not the agent or successor agent(s) named in this document. I am not related to the principal, the agent, or the successor agent(s) by blood, marriage, or adoption. I am not the principal's physician, advanced practice registered nurse, dentist, podiatric physician, optometrist, psychologist, or a relative of one of those individuals. I am not an owner or operator (or the relative of an owner or operator) of the health care facility where the principal is a patient or resident.
Witness printed name:.........................................
Witness address:..............................................
Witness signature:............................................
Today's date:.................................................
    (c) The statutory short form power of attorney for health care (the "statutory health care power") authorizes the agent to make any and all health care decisions on behalf of the principal which the principal could make if present and under no disability, subject to any limitations on the granted powers that appear on the face of the form, to be exercised in such manner as the agent deems consistent with the intent and desires of the principal. The agent will be under no duty to exercise granted powers or to assume control of or responsibility for the principal's health care; but when granted powers are exercised, the agent will be required to use due care to act for the benefit of the principal in accordance with the terms of the statutory health care power and will be liable for negligent exercise. The agent may act in person or through others reasonably employed by the agent for that purpose but may not delegate authority to make health care decisions. The agent may sign and deliver all instruments, negotiate and enter into all agreements, and do all other acts reasonably necessary to implement the exercise of the powers granted to the agent. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the statutory health care power shall include the following powers, subject to any limitations appearing on the face of the form:
        (1) The agent is authorized to give consent to and
authorize or refuse, or to withhold or withdraw consent to, any and all types of medical care, treatment, or procedures relating to the physical or mental health of the principal, including any medication program, surgical procedures, life-sustaining treatment, or provision of food and fluids for the principal.
        (2) The agent is authorized to admit the principal to
or discharge the principal from any and all types of hospitals, institutions, homes, residential or nursing facilities, treatment centers, and other health care institutions providing personal care or treatment for any type of physical or mental condition. The agent shall have the same right to visit the principal in the hospital or other institution as is granted to a spouse or adult child of the principal, any rule of the institution to the contrary notwithstanding.
        (3) The agent is authorized to contract for any and
all types of health care services and facilities in the name of and on behalf of the principal and to bind the principal to pay for all such services and facilities, and to have and exercise those powers over the principal's property as are authorized under the statutory property power, to the extent the agent deems necessary to pay health care costs; and the agent shall not be personally liable for any services or care contracted for on behalf of the principal.
        (4) At the principal's expense and subject to
reasonable rules of the health care provider to prevent disruption of the principal's health care, the agent shall have the same right the principal has to examine and copy and consent to disclosure of all the principal's medical records that the agent deems relevant to the exercise of the agent's powers, whether the records relate to mental health or any other medical condition and whether they are in the possession of or maintained by any physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, therapist, hospital, nursing home, or other health care provider. The authority under this paragraph (4) applies to any information governed by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 ("HIPAA") and regulations thereunder. The agent serves as the principal's personal representative, as that term is defined under HIPAA and regulations thereunder.
        (5) The agent is authorized: to direct that an
autopsy be made pursuant to Section 2 of the Autopsy Act; to make a disposition of any part or all of the principal's body pursuant to the Illinois Anatomical Gift Act, as now or hereafter amended; and to direct the disposition of the principal's remains.
        (6) At any time during which there is no executor or
administrator appointed for the principal's estate, the agent is authorized to continue to pursue an application or appeal for government benefits if those benefits were applied for during the life of the principal.
    (d) A physician may determine that the principal is unable to make health care decisions for himself or herself only if the principal lacks decisional capacity, as that term is defined in Section 10 of the Health Care Surrogate Act.
    (e) If the principal names the agent as a guardian on the statutory short form, and if a court decides that the appointment of a guardian will serve the principal's best interests and welfare, the court shall appoint the agent to serve without bond or security.
    (f) If the agent presents the statutory short form electronically, an attending physician, emergency medical services personnel as defined by Section 3.5 of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act, or health care provider shall not refuse to give effect to a health care agency if the agent presents an electronic device displaying an electronic copy of an executed form as proof of the health care agency. Any person or entity that provides a statutory short form to the public shall post for a period of 2 years information on its website regarding the changes made by this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 101-81, eff. 7-12-19; 101-163, eff. 1-1-20; 102-38, eff. 6-25-21; 102-181, eff. 7-30-21; 102-794, eff. 1-1-23; 102-813, eff. 5-13-22.)