Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process.
Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes,
statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect.
If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has
not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already
been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes
made to the current law.
755 ILCS 40/65
(755 ILCS 40/65)
Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form.
(a) An individual of sound mind and having reached the age of majority or
obtained the status of an emancipated person pursuant to the Emancipation of
Minors Act may execute a document (consistent with the Department of Public
Health Uniform POLST form described in Section 2310-600 of the Department of Public Health Powers and Duties Law of the
Civil Administrative Code of Illinois) directing that
resuscitating efforts shall not be implemented. This individual may also revoke the document at will. Such a document may also
be executed by a qualified health care practitioner. If more than one practitioner shares responsibility for the treatment and care of an individual, any of the qualified health care practitioners may act under this Section. Notwithstanding the existence of a do-not-resuscitate (DNR)
order or Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form, appropriate organ donation treatment may be applied or continued
temporarily in the event of the patient's death, in accordance with subsection
(g) of Section 20 of this Act, if the patient is an organ donor.
(a-5) Execution of a Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form is voluntary; no person can be required to execute the form. Execution of a POLST form shall not be a
requirement for admission to any facility or a precondition to
the provision of services by any provider of health care
services. A person who has executed a Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form should review the form annually and when the person's condition changes.
(b) Consent to a Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form may be obtained from the individual, or from
person at the individual's direction, or from the individual's legal guardian,
agent under a
power of attorney for health care, or surrogate decision maker.
(b-5) As used in this Section:
"POLST" means practitioner orders for life-sustaining treatments.
"POLST portable medical orders form" means a medical orders form, including, but not limited to, a Medical Orders for Scope of Treatment (MOST), Medical Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (MOLST), Physician Orders for Scope of Treatment (POST), or Physician Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (POLST) form, that is formally authorized by a state or territory within the United States.
(c) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to affect the ability of an individual to include instructions in an advance directive, such as a power of attorney for health care. The uniform form may, but need not, be in the form adopted by the
Public Health pursuant to Section 2310-600 of the Department of Public Health
Duties Law (20 ILCS 2310/2310-600).
Except as otherwise provided by law, emergency medical service personnel, a health care provider, or a health care facility shall comply with a Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form, National POLST form, another state's POLST portable medical orders form, or an out-of-hospital Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order sanctioned by a state in the United States that: (i) has been executed by an adult; and (ii) is apparent and immediately available.
(d) A health care professional or health care provider may presume, in the
of knowledge to the contrary, that a completed Department of Public Health
Uniform POLST form, National POLST form, another state's POLST portable medical orders form, or an out-of-hospital Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order sanctioned by a state in the United States executed by an adult,
or a copy of that form or a previous version of the uniform form, is valid. A health care professional or
care provider, or an employee of a health care professional or health care
provider, who in
good faith complies
with a cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or life-sustaining treatment order, Department of Public Health Uniform POLST form, or a previous version of the uniform form made in accordance with this Act is not,
as a result of that compliance, subject to any criminal or civil liability,
except for willful and wanton misconduct, and
may not be found to have committed an act of unprofessional conduct.
(d-5) Before voiding or revoking a Department of Public
Health Uniform POLST form, National POLST form, or another
state's POLST portable medical orders form executed by the individual, that individual's legally authorized
surrogate decision maker shall first: (1) engage in
consultation with a qualified health care practitioner; (2)
consult the patient's advance directive, if available; and (3)
make a good faith effort to act consistently, at all times,
with the patient's known wishes, using substituted judgment as
the standard. If the patient's wishes are unknown and remain
unknown after reasonable efforts to discern them, the decision
shall be made on the basis of the patient's best interests as
determined by the surrogate decision maker. A qualified
health care practitioner shall document the reasons for this
action in the patient's medical record. This process does not apply to an individual wanting to revoke his or her own POLST form.
(e) Nothing in this Section or this amendatory Act of the 94th General Assembly or this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly shall be construed to affect the ability of a physician or other practitioner to make a do-not-resuscitate order.
(Source: P.A. 102-140, eff. 1-1-22