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(750 ILCS 5/505)
(from Ch. 40, par. 505)
Child support; contempt; penalties.
(a) In a proceeding for dissolution of marriage, legal separation,
declaration of invalidity of marriage, or dissolution of a civil union, a proceeding for child support
following a legal separation or dissolution of the marriage or civil union by a court that lacked personal
jurisdiction over the absent spouse, a proceeding for modification of a
previous order for child support under Section 510 of this Act, or any
proceeding authorized under Section 501 or 601 of this Act, the court may
order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child of the
marriage or civil union to pay an amount reasonable and necessary for support. The duty of support owed to a child
includes the obligation to provide for the reasonable and necessary physical, mental and emotional health needs of the child.
For purposes of this Section, the term "child" shall include any child under
age 18 and
any child age 19 or younger who is still attending high school. For purposes of this Section, the term "obligor" means the parent obligated to pay support to the other parent.
(1) Child support guidelines. The Illinois Department
of Healthcare and Family Services shall adopt rules establishing child support guidelines which include worksheets to aid in the calculation of the child support obligations and a schedule of basic child support obligations that reflects the percentage of combined net income that parents living in the same household in this State ordinarily spend on their child. The child support guidelines have the following purposes:
(A) to establish as State policy an adequate
standard of support for a child, subject to the ability of parents to pay;
(B) to make child support obligations more
equitable by ensuring more consistent treatment of parents in similar circumstances;
(C) to improve the efficiency of the court
process by promoting settlements and giving courts and the parties guidance in establishing levels of child support;
(D) to calculate child support based upon the
parents' combined net income estimated to have been allocated for the support of the child if the parents and child were living in an intact household;
(E) to adjust child support based upon the needs
(F) to allocate the amount of child support to be
paid by each parent based upon a parent's net income and the child's physical care arrangements.
(1.5) Computation of basic child support obligation.
The court shall compute the basic child support obligation by taking the following steps:
(A) determine each parent's monthly net income;
(B) add the parents' monthly net incomes together
to determine the combined monthly net income of the parents;
(C) select the corresponding appropriate amount
from the schedule of basic child support obligations based on the parties' combined monthly net income and number of children of the parties; and
(D) calculate each parent's percentage share of
the basic child support obligation.
Although a monetary obligation is computed for each
parent as child support, the receiving parent's share is not payable to the other parent and is presumed to be spent directly on the child.
(2) Duty of support. The court shall determine child
support in each case by applying the child support guidelines unless the court makes a finding that application of the guidelines would be inappropriate, after considering the best interests of the child and evidence which shows relevant factors including, but not limited to, one or more of the following:
(A) the financial resources and needs of the
(B) the financial resources and needs of the
(C) the standard of living the child would have
enjoyed had the marriage or civil union not been dissolved; and
(D) the physical and emotional condition of the
child and his or her educational needs.
(A) As used in this Section, "gross income" means
the total of all income from all sources, except "gross income" does not include (i) benefits received by the parent from means-tested public assistance programs, including, but not limited to, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Supplemental Security Income, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program or (ii) benefits and income received by the parent for other children in the household, including, but not limited to, child support, survivor benefits, and foster care payments. Social security disability and retirement benefits paid for the benefit of the subject child must be included in the disabled or retired parent's gross income for purposes of calculating the parent's child support obligation, but the parent is entitled to a child support credit for the amount of benefits paid to the other party for the child. "Gross income" includes maintenance treated as taxable income for federal income tax purposes to the payee and received pursuant to a court order in the pending proceedings or any other proceedings and shall be included in the payee's gross income for purposes of calculating the parent's child support obligation.
(B) As used in this Section, "net income" means
gross income minus either the standardized tax amount calculated pursuant to subparagraph (C) of this paragraph (3) or the individualized tax amount calculated pursuant to subparagraph (D) of this paragraph (3), and minus any adjustments pursuant to subparagraph (F) of this paragraph (3). The standardized tax amount shall be used unless the requirements for an individualized tax amount set forth in subparagraph (E) of this paragraph (3) are met. "Net income" includes maintenance not includable in the gross taxable income of the payee for federal income tax purposes under a court order in the pending proceedings or any other proceedings and shall be included in the payee's net income for purposes of calculating the parent's child support obligation.
(C) As used in this Section, "standardized tax
amount" means the total of federal and state income taxes for a single person claiming the standard tax deduction, one personal exemption, and the applicable number of dependency exemptions for the minor child or children of the parties, and Social Security and Medicare tax calculated at the Federal Insurance Contributions Act rate.
(I) Unless a court has determined otherwise
or the parties otherwise agree, the party with the majority of parenting time shall be deemed entitled to claim the dependency exemption for the parties' minor child.
(II) The Illinois Department of Healthcare
and Family Services shall promulgate a standardized net income conversion table that computes net income by deducting the standardized tax amount from gross income.
(D) As used in this Section, "individualized tax
amount" means the aggregate of the following taxes:
(I) federal income tax (properly calculated
withholding or estimated payments);
(II) State income tax (properly calculated
withholding or estimated payments); and
(III) Social Security or self-employment tax,
if applicable (or, if none, mandatory retirement contributions required by law or as a condition of employment) and Medicare tax calculated at the Federal Insurance Contributions Act rate.
(E) In lieu of a standardized tax amount, a
determination of an individualized tax amount may be made under items (I), (II), or (III) below. If an individualized tax amount determination is made under this subparagraph (E), all relevant tax attributes (including filing status, allocation of dependency exemptions, and whether a party is to claim the use of the standard deduction or itemized deductions for federal income tax purposes) shall be as the parties agree or as the court determines. To determine a party's reported income, the court may order the party to complete an Internal Revenue Service Form 4506-T, Request for Tax Transcript.
(I) Agreement. Irrespective of whether the
parties agree on any other issue before the court, if they jointly stipulate for the record their concurrence on a computation method for the individualized tax amount that is different from the method set forth under subparagraph (D), the stipulated method shall be used by the court unless the court rejects the proposed stipulated method for good cause.
(II) Summary hearing. If the court determines
child support in a summary hearing under Section 501 and an eligible party opts in to the individualized tax amount method under this item (II), the individualized tax amount shall be determined by the court on the basis of information contained in one or both parties' Supreme Court approved Financial Affidavit (Family & Divorce Cases) and relevant supporting documents under applicable court rules. No party, however, is eligible to opt in unless the party, under applicable court rules, has served the other party with the required Supreme Court approved Financial Affidavit (Family & Divorce Cases) and has substantially produced supporting documents required by the applicable court rules.
(III) Evidentiary hearing. If the court
determines child support in an evidentiary hearing, whether for purposes of a temporary order or at the conclusion of a proceeding, item (II) of this subparagraph (E) does not apply. In each such case (unless item (I) governs), the individualized tax amount shall be as determined by the court on the basis of the record established.
(F) Adjustments to income.
(I) Multi-family adjustment. If a parent is
also legally responsible for support of a child not shared with the other parent and not subject to the present proceeding, there shall be an adjustment to net income as follows:
(i) Multi-family adjustment with court
order. The court shall deduct from the parent's net income the amount of child support actually paid by the parent pursuant to a support order unless the court makes a finding that it would cause economic hardship to the child.
(ii) Multi-family adjustment without
court order. Upon the request or application of a parent actually supporting a presumed, acknowledged, or adjudicated child living in or outside of that parent's household, there shall be an adjustment to child support. The court shall deduct from the parent's net income the amount of financial support actually paid by the parent for the child or 75% of the support the parent should pay under the child support guidelines (before this adjustment), whichever is less, unless the court makes a finding that it would cause economic hardship to the child. The adjustment shall be calculated using that parent's income alone.
(II) Spousal Maintenance adjustment.
Obligations pursuant to a court order for spousal maintenance in the pending proceeding actually paid or payable to the same party to whom child support is to be payable or actually paid to a former spouse pursuant to a court order shall be deducted from the parent's after-tax income, unless the maintenance obligation is tax deductible to the payor for federal income tax purposes, in which case it shall be deducted from the payor's gross income for purposes of calculating the parent's child support obligation.
(3.1) Business income. For purposes of calculating
child support, net business income from the operation of a business means gross receipts minus ordinary and necessary expenses required to carry on the trade or business. As used in this paragraph, "business" includes, but is not limited to, sole proprietorships, closely held corporations, partnerships, other flow-through business entities, and self-employment. The court shall apply the following:
(A) The accelerated component of depreciation and
any business expenses determined either judicially or administratively to be inappropriate or excessive shall be excluded from the total of ordinary and necessary business expenses to be deducted in the determination of net business income from gross business income.
(B) Any item of reimbursement or in-kind payment
received by a parent from a business, including, but not limited to, a company car, reimbursed meals, free housing, or a housing allowance, shall be counted as income if not otherwise included in the recipient's gross income, if the item is significant in amount and reduces personal expenses.
(3.2) Unemployment or underemployment. If a parent
is voluntarily unemployed or underemployed, child support shall be calculated based on a determination of potential income. A determination of potential income shall be made by determining employment potential and probable earnings level based on the obligor's work history, occupational qualifications, prevailing job opportunities, the ownership by a parent of a substantial non-income producing asset, and earnings levels in the community. If there is insufficient work history to determine employment potential and probable earnings level, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the parent's potential income is 75% of the most recent United States Department of Health and Human Services Federal Poverty Guidelines for a family of one person.
(3.3) Rebuttable presumption in favor of guidelines.
There is a rebuttable presumption in any judicial or administrative proceeding for child support that the amount of the child support obligation that would result from the application of the child support guidelines is the correct amount of child support.
(3.3a) Minimum child support obligation. There is a
rebuttable presumption that a minimum child support obligation of $40 per month, per child, will be entered for an obligor who has actual or imputed gross income at or less than 75% of the most recent United States Department of Health and Human Services Federal Poverty Guidelines for a family of one person, with a maximum total child support obligation for that obligor of $120 per month to be divided equally among all of the obligor's children.
(3.3b) Zero dollar child support order. For parents
with no gross income, who receive only means-tested assistance, or who cannot work due to a medically proven disability, incarceration, or institutionalization, there is a rebuttable presumption that the $40 per month minimum support order is inapplicable and a zero dollar order shall be entered.
(3.4) Deviation factors. In any action to establish
or modify child support, whether pursuant to a temporary or final administrative or court order, the child support guidelines shall be used as a rebuttable presumption for the establishment or modification of the amount of child support. The court may deviate from the child support guidelines if the application would be inequitable, unjust, or inappropriate. Any deviation from the guidelines shall be accompanied by written findings by the court specifying the reasons for the deviation and the presumed amount under the child support guidelines without a deviation. These reasons may include:
(A) extraordinary medical expenditures necessary
to preserve the life or health of a party or a child of either or both of the parties;
(B) additional expenses incurred for a child
subject to the child support order who has special medical, physical, or developmental needs; and
(C) any other factor the court determines should
be applied upon a finding that the application of the child support guidelines would be inappropriate, after considering the best interest of the child.
(3.5) Income in excess of the schedule of basic child
support obligation. A court may use its discretion to determine child support if the combined adjusted net income of the parties exceeds the highest level of the schedule of basic child support obligation, except that the basic child support obligation shall not be less than the highest level of combined net income set forth in the schedule of basic child support obligation.
(3.6) Extracurricular activities and school expenses.
The court, in its discretion, in addition to the basic child support obligation, may order either or both parents owing a duty of support to the child to contribute to the reasonable school and extracurricular activity expenses incurred which are intended to enhance the educational, athletic, social, or cultural development of the child.
(3.7) Child care expenses. The court, in its
discretion, in addition to the basic child support obligation, may order either or both parents owing a duty of support to the child to contribute to the reasonable child care expenses of the child. The child care expenses shall be made payable directly to a party or directly to the child care provider at the time of child care services.
(A) "Child care expenses" means actual expenses
reasonably necessary to enable a parent or non-parent custodian to be employed, to attend educational or vocational training programs to improve employment opportunities, or to search for employment. "Child care expenses" also includes deposits for securing placement in a child care program, the cost of before and after school care, and camps when school is not in session. A child's special needs shall be a consideration in determining reasonable child care expenses.
(B) Child care expenses shall be prorated in
proportion to each parent's percentage share of combined net income, and may be added to the basic child support obligation if not paid directly by each parent to the provider of child care services. The obligor's and obligee's portion of actual child care expenses shall appear in the support order. If allowed, the value of the federal income tax credit for child care shall be subtracted from the actual cost to determine the net child care costs.
(C) The amount of child care expenses shall be
adequate to obtain reasonable and necessary child care. The actual child care expenses shall be used to calculate the child care expenses, if available. When actual child care expenses vary, the actual child care expenses may be averaged over the most recent 12-month period. When a parent is temporarily unemployed or temporarily not attending educational or vocational training programs, future child care expenses shall be based upon prospective expenses to be incurred upon return to employment or educational or vocational training programs.
(D) An order for child care expenses may be
modified upon a showing of a substantial change in circumstances. The party incurring child care expenses shall notify the other party within 14 days of any change in the amount of child care expenses that would affect the annualized child care amount as determined in the support order.
(3.8) Shared physical care. If each parent exercises
146 or more overnights per year with the child, the basic child support obligation is multiplied by 1.5 to calculate the shared care child support obligation. The court shall determine each parent's share of the shared care child support obligation based on the parent's percentage share of combined net income. The child support obligation is then computed for each parent by multiplying that parent's portion of the shared care support obligation by the percentage of time the child spends with the other parent. The respective child support obligations are then offset, with the parent owing more child support paying the difference between the child support amounts. The Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall promulgate a worksheet to calculate child support in cases in which the parents have shared physical care and use the standardized tax amount to determine net income.
(3.9) Split physical care. When there is more than
one child and each parent has physical care of at least one but not all of the children, the support is calculated by using 2 child support worksheets to determine the support each parent owes the other. The support shall be calculated as follows:
(A) compute the support the first parent would
owe to other parent as if the child in his or her care was the only child of the parties; then
(B) compute the support the other parent would
owe to the first parent as if the child in his or her care were the only child of the parties; then
(C) subtract the lesser support obligation from
The parent who owes the greater obligation shall be
ordered to pay the difference in support to the other parent, unless the court determines, pursuant to other provisions of this Section, that it should deviate from the guidelines.
(4) Health care to be addressed by the court.
(A) A portion of the basic child support
obligation is intended to cover basic ordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses. The court, in its discretion, in addition to the basic child support obligation, shall also provide for the child's current and future medical needs by ordering either or both parents to initiate health insurance coverage for the child through currently effective health insurance policies held by the parent or parents, purchase one or more or all health, dental, or vision insurance policies for the child, or provide for the child's current and future medical needs through some other manner.
(B) The court, in its discretion, may order
either or both parents to contribute to the reasonable health care needs of the child not covered by insurance, including, but not limited to, unreimbursed medical, dental, orthodontic, or vision expenses and any prescription medication for the child not covered under the child's health insurance.
(C) If neither parent has access to appropriate
private health insurance coverage, the court may order:
(I) one or both parents to provide health
insurance coverage at any time it becomes available at a reasonable cost; or
(II) the parent or non-parent custodian with
primary physical responsibility for the child to apply for public health insurance coverage for the child and require either or both parents to pay a reasonable amount of the cost of health insurance for the child.
The order may also provide that any time private
health insurance coverage is available at a reasonable cost to that party it will be provided instead of cash medical support. As used in this Section, "cash medical support" means an amount ordered to be paid toward the cost of health insurance provided by a public entity or by another person through employment or otherwise or for other medical costs not covered by insurance.
(D) The amount to be added to the basic child
support obligation shall be the actual amount of the total health insurance premium that is attributable to the child who is the subject of the order. If this amount is not available or cannot be verified, the total cost of the health insurance premium shall be divided by the total number of persons covered by the policy. The cost per person derived from this calculation shall be multiplied by the number of children who are the subject of the order and who are covered under the health insurance policy. This amount shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be allocated between the parents in proportion to their respective net incomes.
(E) After the health insurance premium for the
child is added to the basic child support obligation and allocated between the parents in proportion to their respective incomes for child support purposes, if the obligor is paying the premium, the amount calculated for the obligee's share of the health insurance premium for the child shall be deducted from the obligor's share of the total child support obligation. If the obligee is paying for private health insurance for the child, the child support obligation shall be increased by the obligor's share of the premium payment. The obligor's and obligee's portion of health insurance costs shall appear in the support order.
(F) Prior to allowing the health insurance
adjustment, the parent requesting the adjustment must submit proof that the child has been enrolled in a health insurance plan and must submit proof of the cost of the premium. The court shall require the parent receiving the adjustment to annually submit proof of continued coverage of the child to the other parent, or as designated by the court.
(G) A reasonable cost for providing health
insurance coverage for the child may not exceed 5% of the providing parent's gross income. Parents with a net income below 133% of the most recent United States Department of Health and Human Services Federal Poverty Guidelines or whose child is covered by Medicaid based on that parent's income may not be ordered to contribute toward or provide private coverage, unless private coverage is obtainable without any financial contribution by that parent.
(H) If dental or vision insurance is included as
part of the employer's medical plan, the coverage shall be maintained for the child. If not included in the employer's medical plan, adding the dental or vision insurance for the child is at the discretion of the court.
(I) If a parent has been directed to provide
health insurance pursuant to this paragraph and that parent's spouse or legally recognized partner provides the insurance for the benefit of the child either directly or through employment, a credit on the child support worksheet shall be given to that parent in the same manner as if the premium were paid by that parent.
(4.5) In a proceeding for child support following
dissolution of the marriage or civil union by a court that lacked personal jurisdiction over the absent spouse, and in which the court is requiring payment of support for the period before the date an order for current support is entered, there is a rebuttable presumption that the obligor's net income for the prior period was the same as his or her net income at the time the order for current support is entered.
(5) If the net income cannot be determined because of
default or any other reason, the court shall order support in an amount considered reasonable in the particular case. The final order in all cases shall state the support level in dollar amounts. However, if the court finds that the child support amount cannot be expressed exclusively as a dollar amount because all or a portion of the obligor's net income is uncertain as to source, time of payment, or amount, the court may order a percentage amount of support in addition to a specific dollar amount and enter such other orders as may be necessary to determine and enforce, on a timely basis, the applicable support ordered.
(6) If (i) the obligor was properly served with a
request for discovery of financial information relating to the obligor's ability to provide child support, (ii) the obligor failed to comply with the request, despite having been ordered to do so by the court, and (iii) the obligor is not present at the hearing to determine support despite having received proper notice, then any relevant financial information concerning the obligor's ability to provide child support that was obtained pursuant to subpoena and proper notice shall be admitted into evidence without the need to establish any further foundation for its admission.
(a-3) Life insurance to secure support. At the discretion of the court, a child support obligation pursuant to this Section and Sections 510, 513, and 513.5 of this Act may be secured, in whole or in part, by reasonably affordable life insurance on the life of one or both parents on such terms as the parties agree or as the court orders. The court may require such insurance remain in full force and effect until the termination of all obligations of support, subject to the following:
(1) Existing life insurance. The court shall be
apprised through evidence, stipulation, or otherwise as to the level, ownership, and type of existing life insurance death benefit coverage available to one or both parents, the cost of the premiums, cost ratings, and escalations and assignment of the policy, if applicable, and all other relevant circumstances. The court shall make findings relative thereto.
(2) New life insurance. The court shall be apprised
through evidence, stipulation, or otherwise as to the availability of obtaining reasonably affordable new life insurance. To the extent the court determines that the support obligations should be secured, in whole or in part, by new life insurance on the life of one or both parents, the court may order that one or both parents comply with all requirements to obtain such new life insurance through employment, trade union, fraternal organizations, associations, or individual means.
In determining the level and type of death benefits
coverage to be obtained by a parent, the court shall consider access and availability of life insurance to that parent, the cost of the premium, cost ratings, and escalations, if applicable, and all other relevant circumstances.
(3) Other security. If life insurance is unavailable
to a parent, the court, in its discretion, or as agreed to by the parties, may order other equitable and reasonable means to secure a child support obligation.
(a-5) In an action to enforce an order for child support based on the obligor's
to make support payments as required by the order, notice of proceedings to
hold the obligor in contempt for that failure may be served on the obligor
by personal service or by regular mail addressed to the last known address of the obligor. The last known address of the obligor may be determined from
records of the clerk of the court, from the Federal Case Registry of Child
Support Orders, or by any other reasonable means.
(b) Failure of either parent to comply with an order to pay support shall
be punishable as in other cases of contempt. In addition to other
penalties provided by law the court may, after finding the parent guilty
of contempt, order that the parent be:
(1) placed on probation with such conditions of
probation as the court deems advisable;
(2) sentenced to periodic imprisonment for a period
not to exceed 6 months; provided, however, that the court may permit the parent to be released for periods of time during the day or night to:
(A) work; or
(B) conduct a business or other self-employed
The court may further order any part or all of the earnings of a parent
during a sentence of periodic imprisonment paid to the Clerk of the Circuit
Court or to the parent having physical possession of the child or to the non-parent custodian having custody
of the child of the sentenced parent for the support of the child until further order of the court.
If a parent who is found guilty of contempt for failure to comply with an order to pay support is a person who conducts a business or who is self-employed, the court in addition to other penalties provided by law may order that the parent do one or more of the following: (i) provide to the court monthly financial statements showing income and expenses from the business or the self-employment; (ii) seek employment and report periodically to the court with a diary, listing, or other memorandum of his or her employment search efforts; or (iii) report to the Department of Employment Security for job search services to find employment that will be subject to withholding for child support.
If there is a unity of interest and ownership sufficient to render no
financial separation between an obligor and another person or
persons or business entity, the court may pierce the ownership veil of the
person, persons, or business entity to discover assets of the obligor held in the name of that person, those persons, or that business entity.
The following circumstances are sufficient to authorize a court to order
discovery of the assets of a person, persons, or business entity and to compel
the application of any discovered assets toward payment on the judgment for
(1) the obligor and the person, persons, or business
entity maintain records together.
(2) the obligor and the person, persons, or business
entity fail to maintain an arm's length relationship between themselves with regard to any assets.
(3) the obligor transfers assets to the person,
persons, or business entity with the intent to perpetrate a fraud on the obligee.
With respect to assets which
are real property, no order entered under this paragraph shall affect the
rights of bona fide purchasers, mortgagees, judgment creditors, or other lien
holders who acquire their interests in the property prior to the time a notice
of lis pendens pursuant to the Code of Civil Procedure or a copy of the order
is placed of record in the office of the recorder of deeds for the county in
which the real property is located.
The court may also order in cases where the parent is 90 days or more
delinquent in payment of support or has been adjudicated in arrears in an
amount equal to 90 days obligation or more, that the parent's Illinois driving
privileges be suspended until the court
determines that the parent is in compliance with the order of support.
The court may also order that the parent be issued a family financial
responsibility driving permit that would allow limited driving privileges for
employment and medical purposes in accordance with Section 7-702.1 of the
Illinois Vehicle Code. The Clerk of the Circuit Court shall certify the order
suspending the driving privileges of the parent or granting the issuance of a
family financial responsibility driving permit to the Secretary of State on
forms prescribed by the Secretary of State. Upon receipt of the authenticated
documents, the Secretary of State shall suspend the parent's driving privileges
until further order of the court and shall, if ordered by the court, subject to
the provisions of Section 7-702.1 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, issue a family
financial responsibility driving permit to the parent.
In addition to the penalties or punishment that may be imposed under this
Section, any person whose conduct constitutes a violation of Section 15 of the
Non-Support Punishment Act may be prosecuted under that Act, and a person
convicted under that Act may be sentenced in accordance with that Act. The
sentence may include but need not be limited to a requirement that the person
perform community service under Section 50 of that Act or participate in a work
alternative program under Section 50 of that Act. A person may not be required
to participate in a work alternative program under Section 50 of that Act if
the person is currently participating in a work program pursuant to Section
505.1 of this Act.
A support obligation, or any portion of a support obligation, which becomes
due and remains unpaid as of the end of each month, excluding the child support that was due for that month to the extent that it was not paid in that month, shall accrue simple interest as set forth in Section 12-109 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
An order for support entered or modified on or after January 1, 2006 shall
contain a statement that a support obligation required under the order, or any
portion of a support obligation required under the order, that becomes due and
remains unpaid as of the end of each month, excluding the child support that was due for that month to the extent that it was not paid in that month, shall accrue simple interest as set forth in Section 12-109 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Failure to include the statement in the order for support does
not affect the validity of the order or the accrual of interest as provided in
(c) A one-time charge of 20% is imposable upon the amount of
past-due child support owed on July 1, 1988 which has accrued under a
support order entered by the court. The charge shall be imposed in
accordance with the provisions of Section 10-21 of the Illinois Public Aid
Code and shall be enforced by the court upon petition.
(d) Any new or existing support order entered by the court
under this Section shall be deemed to be a series of judgments against the
person obligated to pay support thereunder, each such judgment to be in the
amount of each payment or installment of support and each such judgment to
be deemed entered as of the date the corresponding payment or installment
becomes due under the terms of the support order. Each such judgment shall
have the full force, effect and attributes of any other judgment of this
State, including the ability to be enforced.
Notwithstanding any other State or local law to the contrary, a lien arises by operation of law against the real and personal property of
the obligor for each installment of overdue support owed by the obligor.
(e) When child support is to be paid through the Clerk of the Court in a
county of 500,000 inhabitants or less, the order shall direct the obligor to pay to the Clerk, in addition to the child support payments, all fees
imposed by the county board under paragraph (4) of subsection (bb) of
Section 27.1a of the Clerks of Courts Act. When child support is to be paid through the clerk of the court in a
county of more than 500,000 but less than 3,000,000 inhabitants, the order shall direct the obligor
to pay to the clerk, in addition to the child support payments, all fees
imposed by the county board under paragraph (4) of subsection (bb) of
Section 27.2 of the Clerks of Courts Act. Unless paid pursuant to
an Income Withholding Order/Notice for Support, the payment of the fee shall be by payment acceptable to the clerk and shall be made to the order of the
(f) All orders for support, when entered or
modified, shall include a provision requiring the obligor to notify
the court and, in cases in which a party is receiving child and spouse
services under Article X of the Illinois Public Aid Code, the
Department of Healthcare and Family Services, within 7 days, (i) of the name and address
of any new employer of the obligor, (ii) whether the obligor has access to
health insurance coverage through the employer or other group coverage and,
if so, the policy name and number and the names of persons covered under
the policy, except only the initials of any covered minors shall be included, and (iii) of any new residential or mailing address or telephone
number of the obligor. In any subsequent action to enforce a
support order, upon a sufficient showing that a diligent effort has been made
to ascertain the location of the obligor, service of process or
provision of notice necessary in the case may be made at the last known
address of the obligor in any manner expressly provided by the
Code of Civil Procedure or this Act, which service shall be sufficient for
purposes of due process.
(g) An order for support shall include a date on which the current
support obligation terminates. The termination date shall be no earlier than
the date on which the child covered by the order will attain the age of
18. However, if the child will not graduate from high school until after
attaining the age of 18, then the termination date shall be no earlier than the
earlier of the date on which the child's high school graduation will occur or
the date on which the child will attain the age of 19. The order for support
shall state that the termination date does not apply to any arrearage that may
remain unpaid on that date. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to
prevent the court from modifying the order or terminating the order in the
event the child is otherwise emancipated.
(g-5) If there is an unpaid arrearage or delinquency (as those terms are defined in the Income Withholding for Support Act) equal to at least one month's support obligation on the termination date stated in the order for support or, if there is no termination date stated in the order, on the date the child attains the age of majority or is otherwise emancipated, the periodic amount required to be paid for current support of that child immediately prior to that date shall automatically continue to be an obligation, not as current support but as periodic payment toward satisfaction of the unpaid arrearage or delinquency. That periodic payment shall be in addition to any periodic payment previously required for satisfaction of the arrearage or delinquency. The total periodic amount to be paid toward satisfaction of the arrearage or delinquency may be enforced and collected by any method provided by law for enforcement and collection of child support, including but not limited to income withholding under the Income Withholding for Support Act. Each order for support entered or modified on or after January 1, 2005 (the effective date of Public Act 93-1061) must contain a statement notifying the parties of the requirements of this subsection. Failure to include the statement in the order for support does not affect the validity of the order or the operation of the provisions of this subsection with regard to the order. This subsection shall not be construed to prevent or affect the establishment or modification of an order for support of a minor child or the establishment or modification of an order for support of a non-minor child or educational expenses under Section 513 of this Act.
(h) An order entered under this Section shall include a provision requiring
either parent to report to the other parent and to the Clerk of Court within 10 days each time either parent obtains new employment, and each time either parent's
employment is terminated for any reason. The report shall be in writing and
shall, in the case of new employment, include the name and address of the new
employer. Failure to report new employment or the termination of current
employment, if coupled with nonpayment of support for a period in excess of 60
days, is indirect criminal contempt. For either parent arrested for failure to report new employment bond shall be set in the amount of the child support that should have been paid during the period of unreported employment. An order entered under this Section shall also include a provision requiring either obligor
and obligee to advise the other of a change in residence within 5 days
of the change except when the court finds that the physical, mental, or
emotional health of a party or that of a child, or both, would be
seriously endangered by disclosure of the party's address.
(i) The court does not lose the powers of contempt, driver's license
suspension, or other child support enforcement mechanisms, including, but
not limited to, criminal prosecution as set forth in this Act, upon the
emancipation of the minor child.
(Source: P.A. 102-823, eff. 5-13-22.)