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705 ILCS 35/2f-2

    (705 ILCS 35/2f-2)
    Sec. 2f-2. 19th judicial circuit; subcircuits; additional judges.
    (a) Prior to December 5, 2022, the 19th circuit shall be divided into 6 subcircuits. The subcircuits shall be compact, contiguous, and substantially equal in population. The General Assembly by law shall create the subcircuits, using population data as determined by the 2000 federal census, and shall determine a numerical order for the 6 subcircuits. That numerical order shall be the basis for the order in which resident judgeships are assigned to the subcircuits. The 6 resident judgeships to be assigned that are not added by or converted from at-large judgeships as provided in this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly shall be assigned to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th subcircuits, in that order. The 6 resident judgeships to be assigned that are added by or converted from at-large judgeships as provided in this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly shall be assigned to the 6th, 5th, 4th, 3rd, 2nd, and 1st subcircuits, in that order. Once a resident judgeship is assigned to a subcircuit, it shall continue to be assigned to that subcircuit for all purposes.
    (a-3) On and after December 5, 2022, the 19th circuit is divided into 12 subcircuits. Beginning in 2031, the General Assembly shall, in the year following each federal decennial census, redraw the boundaries of the subcircuits to reflect the results of the most recent federal decennial census. In 2022, the General Assembly shall redraw the boundaries of the subcircuits to reflect the results of the 2020 federal decennial census and divide the 19th circuit into at least 10 subcircuits. The General Assembly shall redraw the subcircuit boundaries after every federal decennial census. The subcircuits shall be compact, contiguous, and substantially equal in population. Once a judgeship is assigned to a subcircuit or an at-large judgeship is converted to a resident judgeship and assigned to a subcircuit, it shall be assigned to that subcircuit for all purposes. Any vacancy in a resident judgeship existing on or occurring after the effective date of a law redrawing the boundaries of the subcircuits shall be filled by a resident of the redrawn subcircuit. When a vacancy occurs in a resident judgeship, the resident judgeship shall be allotted by the Supreme Court under subsection (c) and filled by election.
    (a-5) Of the at-large judgeships of the 19th judicial circuit, the first 3 that are or become vacant on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly shall become resident judgeships of the 19th judicial circuit to be allotted by the Supreme Court under subsection (c) and filled by election, except that the Supreme Court may fill those judgeships by appointment for any remainder of a vacated term until the resident judgeships are filled initially by election. As used in this subsection, a vacancy does not include the expiration of a term of an at-large judge who seeks retention in that office at the next term.
    (a-10) The 19th judicial circuit shall have 3 additional resident judgeships to be allotted by the Supreme Court under subsection (c). One of the additional resident judgeships shall be filled by election beginning at the 2010 general election. Two of the additional resident judgeships shall be filled by election beginning at the 2012 general election.
    (a-15) The 19th judicial circuit shall have additional resident judgeships as provided by subsection (a-3) to be allotted by the Supreme Court under subsection (c). The resident judgeships shall be allotted by the Supreme Court in numerical order as provided by the General Assembly upon the redrawing of boundaries and the division of subcircuits pursuant to subsection (a-3). Two additional resident judgeships allotted by the Supreme Court pursuant to this subsection, in numerical order as provided by the General Assembly, shall be filled by election beginning at the 2022 general election. The remainder of the additional resident judgeships shall be filled by election at the 2024 election.
    (a-20) In addition to the 2 judgeships filled by election at the 2022 election as provided by subsection (a-15), any judgeship that became vacant after January 1, 2020 and on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly is held by an individual appointed by the Supreme Court also shall be filled by election at the 2022 general election.
    (b) Prior to December 5, 2022, the 19th circuit shall have a total of 12 resident judgeships (6 resident judgeships existing on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, 3 formerly at-large judgeships as provided in subsection (a-5), and 3 resident judgeships added by subsection (a-10)). The number of resident judgeships allotted to subcircuits of the 19th judicial circuit pursuant to this Section shall constitute all the resident judgeships of the 19th judicial circuit.
    (c) Prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly, the Supreme Court shall allot (i) all vacancies in resident judgeships of the 19th circuit existing on or occurring on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly and not filled at the 2004 general election, (ii) the resident judgeships of the 19th circuit filled at the 2004 general election as those judgeships thereafter become vacant, (iii) the 3 formerly at-large judgeships described in subsection (a-5) as they become available, (iv) the 3 resident judgeships added by subsection (a-10), and (v) the additional resident judgeships provided for by subsection (a-3), for election from the various subcircuits until there are 2 resident judges to be elected from each subcircuit. On and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly, the Supreme Court shall allot all vacancies in the 15 resident judgeships of the 19th circuit (the 12 resident judgeships existing on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly) for election from the various subcircuits created by this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly in numerical order until there is one resident judge to be elected from each subcircuit, except the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd subcircuits which shall have 2 resident judges each; provided that the first vacancy shall be allotted to the 12th subcircuit, that the second vacancy shall be allotted to the 3rd subcircuit, that the third vacancy shall be allotted to the 4th subcircuit, that the forth vacancy shall be allotted to the 2nd subcircuit, that the fifth vacancy shall be allotted to the 1st subcircuit No resident judge of the 19th circuit serving on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly shall be required to change his or her residency in order to continue serving in office or to seek retention in office as resident judgeships are allotted by the Supreme Court in accordance with this Section.
    (c-5) If 2 or more judgeships in the same subcircuit are to be filled at the same election under this Section, the State Board of Elections shall designate those vacancies alphabetically.
    (d) A resident judge elected from a subcircuit shall continue to reside in that subcircuit as long as he or she holds that office. A resident judge elected from a subcircuit after January 1, 2008, must retain residency as a registered voter in the subcircuit to run for retention from the circuit at-large thereafter.
    (e) Vacancies in resident judgeships of the 19th circuit shall be filled in the manner provided in Article VI of the Illinois Constitution.
(Source: P.A. 101-477, eff. 6-1-20; 102-380, eff. 8-13-21; 102-668, eff. 11-15-21; 102-693, eff. 1-7-22.)