Illinois Compiled Statutes
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420 ILCS 20/3
(420 ILCS 20/3)
(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 241-3)
"Agency" means the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.
"Broker" means any person who takes possession of low-level waste for
purposes of consolidation and shipment.
"Compact" means the Central Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive
"Decommissioning" means the measures taken at the end of a facility's
operating life to assure the continued protection of the public from any
residual radioactivity or other potential hazards present at a facility.
"Director" means the Director of the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.
"Disposal" means the isolation of waste from the biosphere in a
permanent facility designed for that purpose.
"Facility" means a parcel of land or site, together with structures,
equipment and improvements on or appurtenant to the land or site, which
is used or is being developed for the treatment, storage or disposal of
low-level radioactive waste. "Facility" does not include lands, sites,
structures or equipment used by a generator in the generation of low-level
"Generator" means any person who produces or possesses low-level
radioactive waste in the course of or incident to manufacturing, power
generation, processing, medical diagnosis and treatment, research,
education or other activity.
"Hazardous waste" means a waste, or combination of wastes, which
because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or
infectious characteristics may cause or significantly contribute to an
increase in mortality or an increase in serious, irreversible, or
incapacitating reversible, illness; or pose a substantial present or
potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly
treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed, and
which has been identified, by characteristics or listing, as hazardous
under Section 3001 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of
1976, P.L. 94-580 or under regulations of the Pollution Control Board.
"High-level radioactive waste" means:
(1) the highly radioactive material resulting from
the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel including liquid waste produced directly in reprocessing and any solid material derived from the liquid waste that contains fission products in sufficient concentrations; and
(2) the highly radioactive material that the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission has determined, on the effective date of this Amendatory Act of 1988, to be high-level radioactive waste requiring permanent isolation.
"Low-level radioactive waste" or "waste" means radioactive waste not
classified as high-level radioactive waste, transuranic waste, spent nuclear
fuel or byproduct material as defined in Section 11e(2) of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014).
"Mixed waste" means waste that is both "hazardous waste" and "low-level
radioactive waste" as defined in this Act.
"Person" means an individual,
corporation, business enterprise or other legal entity either public or private
and any legal successor, representative, agent or agency of that individual,
corporation, business enterprise, or legal entity.
"Post-closure care" means the continued monitoring of the regional
disposal facility after closure for the purposes of detecting a need for
maintenance, ensuring environmental safety, and determining compliance with
applicable licensure and regulatory requirements, and includes undertaking any
remedial actions necessary to protect public health and the environment from
radioactive releases from the facility.
"Regional disposal facility" or "disposal facility" means the
facility established by the State of Illinois under this Act for disposal
away from the point of generation of waste
generated in the region of the Compact.
"Release" means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting,
emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping or disposing
into the environment of low-level radioactive waste.
"Remedial action" means those actions taken in the event of a release
or threatened release of low-level radioactive waste into the environment,
to prevent or minimize the release of the waste so that it does not migrate
to cause substantial danger to present or future public health or welfare
or the environment. The term includes, but is not limited to, actions
at the location of the release such as storage, confinement, perimeter
protection using dikes, trenches or ditches, clay cover, neutralization,
cleanup of released low-level radioactive wastes, recycling or reuse,
dredging or excavations, repair or replacement of leaking containers,
collection of leachate and runoff, onsite treatment or incineration,
provision of alternative water supplies and any monitoring reasonably
required to assure that these actions protect human health and the environment.
"Scientific Surveys" means, collectively, the Illinois State Geological
and the Illinois State Water Survey of the University of Illinois.
"Shallow land burial" means a land disposal facility in which
radioactive waste is disposed of in or within the upper 30 meters of the
earth's surface. However, this definition shall not include an enclosed,
engineered, structurally re-enforced and solidified bunker that extends
below the earth's surface.
"Storage" means the temporary holding of waste for treatment or
disposal for a period determined by Agency regulations.
"Treatment" means any method, technique or process, including storage
for radioactive decay, designed to change the physical, chemical or biological
characteristics or composition of any waste in order to render the waste
safer for transport, storage or disposal, amenable to recovery, convertible
to another usable material or reduced in volume.
"Waste management" means the storage, transportation, treatment or
disposal of waste.
(Source: P.A. 98-346, eff. 8-14-13.)