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(415 ILCS 5/28.5)
Clean Air Act rules; fast-track.
(a) This Section applies through December 31, 2026 and applies solely to the adoption of rules proposed by
the Agency and required to be adopted by the State under the Clean Air Act
as amended by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA).
(b) For purposes of this Section, a "fast-track" rulemaking proceeding
is a proceeding to promulgate a rule that the CAAA requires to be adopted. For the purposes of this Section, "requires to be adopted" refers only to those
regulations or parts of regulations for which the United States Environmental
Protection Agency is empowered to impose sanctions against the State for failure to adopt such rules. All fast-track rules must be adopted under
procedures set forth in this Section, unless another provision of this Act
specifies the method for adopting a specific rule.
(c) When the CAAA requires rules other than identical in substance rules
to be adopted, upon request by the Agency, the Board must adopt rules under
fast-track rulemaking requirements.
(d) The Agency must submit its fast-track rulemaking proposal in the
(1) The Agency must file the rule in a form that
meets the requirements of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act and regulations promulgated thereunder.
(2) The cover sheet of the proposal shall prominently
state that the rule is being proposed under this Section.
(3) The proposal shall clearly identify the
provisions and portions of the federal statute, regulations, guidance, policy statement, or other documents upon which the rule is based.
(4) The supporting documentation for the rule shall
summarize the basis of the rule.
(5) The Agency must describe in general the
alternative selected and the basis for the alternative.
(6) The Agency must file a summary of economic and
technical data upon which it relied in drafting the rule.
(7) The Agency must provide a list of any documents
upon which it directly relied in drafting the rule or upon which it intends to rely at the hearings and must provide such documents to the Board. Additionally, the Agency must make such documents available at an appropriate location for inspection and copying at the expense of the interested party.
(8) The Agency must include in its submission a
description of the geographical area to which the rule is intended to apply, a description of the process or processes affected, an identification by classes of the entities expected to be affected, and a list of sources expected to be affected by the rule to the extent known to the Agency.
(e) Within 14 days of receipt of the proposal, the Board must file the
rule for first notice under the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act and must
schedule all required hearings on the proposal and cause public notice to be
given in accordance with the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act and the
(f) The Board must set 3 hearings on the proposal, each of which shall
be scheduled to continue from day to day, excluding weekends and State and
federal holidays, until completed. The Board must
require the written submission of all testimony at least 10 days before a
hearing, with simultaneous service to all participants of record in the
proceeding as of 15 days prior to hearing, unless a waiver is granted by
the Board for good cause. In order to further expedite the hearings,
presubmitted testimony shall be accepted into the record without the reading of
the testimony at hearing, provided that the witness swears to the testimony and
is available for questioning, and the Board must make every effort to conduct
the proceedings expeditiously and avoid duplication and extraneous material.
(1) The first hearing shall be held within 55 days of
receipt of the rule and shall be confined to testimony by and questions of the Agency's witnesses concerning the scope, applicability, and basis of the rule. Within 7 days after the first hearing, any person may request that the second hearing be held.
(A) If, after the first hearing, the Agency and
affected entities are in agreement on the rule, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has not informed the Board of any unresolved objection to the rule, and no other interested party contests the rule or asks for the opportunity to present additional evidence, the Board may cancel the additional hearings. When the Board adopts the final order under these circumstances, it shall be based on the Agency's proposal as agreed to by the parties.
(B) If, after the first hearing, the Agency and
affected entities are in agreement upon a portion of the rule, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has not informed the Board of any unresolved objections to that agreed portion of the rule, and no other interested party contests that agreed portion of the rule or asks for the opportunity to present additional evidence, the Board must proceed to the second hearing, as provided in paragraph (2) of subsection (g) of this Section, but the hearing shall be limited in scope to the unresolved portion of the proposal. When the Board adopts the final order under these circumstances, it shall be based on such portion of the Agency's proposal as agreed to by the parties.
(2) The second hearing shall be scheduled to commence
within 30 days of the first day of the first hearing and shall be devoted to presentation of testimony, documents, and comments by affected entities and all other interested parties.
(3) The third hearing shall be scheduled to commence
within 14 days after the first day of the second hearing and shall be devoted solely to any Agency response to the material submitted at the second hearing and to any response by other parties. The third hearing shall be cancelled if the Agency indicates to the Board that it does not intend to introduce any additional material.
(g) In any fast-track rulemaking proceeding, the Board must accept
evidence and comments on the economic impact of any provision of the rule
and must consider the economic impact of the rule based on the record.
The Board may order an economic impact study in a manner that will not
prevent adoption of the rule within the time required by subsection (n)
of this Section.
(h) In all fast-track rulemakings under this Section, the Board must
take into account factors set forth in subsection (a) of Section 27 of
(i) The Board must adopt rules in the fast-track rulemaking docket
under the requirements of this Section that the CAAA requires to be
adopted, and may consider a non-required rule in a second docket that shall
proceed under Title VII of this Act.
(j) The Board is directed to take whatever measures are available to it
to complete fast-track rulemaking as expeditiously as possible consistent
with the need for careful consideration. These measures shall include, but
not be limited to, having hearings transcribed on an expedited basis.
(k) Following the hearings, the Board must close the record 14 days
after the availability of the transcript.
(l) The Board must not revise or otherwise change an Agency fast-track
rulemaking proposal without agreement of the Agency until after the end
of the hearing and comment period. Any revisions to an Agency
proposal shall be based on the record of the proceeding.
(m) All rules adopted by the Board under this Section shall be based
solely on the record before it.
(n) The Board must complete a fast-track rulemaking by adopting
a second notice order no later than 130 days after receipt of the proposal if
no third hearing is held and no later than 150 days if the third hearing is
held. If the order includes a rule, the Illinois Board must file the rule for
second notice under the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act within 5 days
after adoption of the order.
(o) Upon receipt of a statement of no objection to the rule from the
Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, the Board must adopt the final
order and submit the rule to the Secretary of State for publication and
certification within 21 days.
(Source: P.A. 101-645, eff. 6-26-20; 102-243, eff. 8-3-21.)