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55 ILCS 5/5-1005

    (55 ILCS 5/5-1005) (from Ch. 34, par. 5-1005)
    Sec. 5-1005. Powers. Each county shall have power:
        1. To purchase and hold the real and personal estate
necessary for the uses of the county, and to purchase and hold, for the benefit of the county, real estate sold by virtue of judicial proceedings in which the county is plaintiff.
        2. To sell and convey or lease any real or personal
estate owned by the county.
        3. To make all contracts and do all other acts in
relation to the property and concerns of the county necessary to the exercise of its corporate powers.
        4. To take all necessary measures and institute
proceedings to enforce all laws for the prevention of cruelty to animals.
        5. To purchase and hold or lease real estate upon
which may be erected and maintained buildings to be utilized for purposes of agricultural experiments and to purchase, hold and use personal property for the care and maintenance of such real estate in connection with such experimental purposes.
        6. To cause to be erected, or otherwise provided,
suitable buildings for, and maintain a county hospital and necessary branch hospitals and/or a county sheltered care home or county nursing home for the care of such sick, chronically ill or infirm persons as may by law be proper charges upon the county, or upon other governmental units, and to provide for the management of the same. The county board may establish rates to be paid by persons seeking care and treatment in such hospital or home in accordance with their financial ability to meet such charges, either personally or through a hospital plan or hospital insurance, and the rates to be paid by governmental units, including the State, for the care of sick, chronically ill or infirm persons admitted therein upon the request of such governmental units. Any hospital maintained by a county under this Section is authorized to provide any service and enter into any contract or other arrangement not prohibited for a hospital that is licensed under the Hospital Licensing Act, incorporated under the General Not-For-Profit Corporation Act, and exempt from taxation under paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of Section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code.
        7. To contribute such sums of money toward erecting,
building, maintaining, and supporting any non-sectarian public hospital located within its limits as the county board of the county shall deem proper.
        8. To purchase and hold real estate for the
preservation of forests, prairies and other natural areas and to maintain and regulate the use thereof.
        9. To purchase and hold real estate for the purpose
of preserving historical spots in the county, to restore, maintain and regulate the use thereof and to donate any historical spot to the State.
        10. To appropriate funds from the county treasury to
be used in any manner to be determined by the board for the suppression, eradication and control of tuberculosis among domestic cattle in such county.
        11. To take all necessary measures to prevent forest
fires and encourage the maintenance and planting of trees and the preservation of forests.
        12. To authorize the closing on Saturday mornings of
all offices of all county officers at the county seat of each county, and to otherwise regulate and fix the days and the hours of opening and closing of such offices, except when the days and the hours of opening and closing of the office of any county officer are otherwise fixed by law; but the power herein conferred shall not apply to the office of State's Attorney and the offices of judges and clerks of courts and, in counties of 500,000 or more population, the offices of county clerk.
        13. To provide for the conservation, preservation and
propagation of insectivorous birds through the expenditure of funds provided for such purpose.
        14. To appropriate funds from the county treasury and
expend the same for care and treatment of tuberculosis residents.
        15. In counties having less than 1,000,000
inhabitants, to take all necessary or proper steps for the extermination of mosquitoes, flies or other insects within the county.
        16. To install an adequate system of accounts and
financial records in the offices and divisions of the county, suitable to the needs of the office and in accordance with generally accepted principles of accounting for governmental bodies, which system may include such reports as the county board may determine.
        17. To purchase and hold real estate for the
construction and maintenance of motor vehicle parking facilities for persons using county buildings, but the purchase and use of such real estate shall not be for revenue producing purposes.
        18. To acquire and hold title to real property
located within the county, or partly within and partly outside the county by dedication, purchase, gift, legacy or lease, for park and recreational purposes and to charge reasonable fees for the use of or admission to any such park or recreational area and to provide police protection for such park or recreational area. Personnel employed to provide such police protection shall be conservators of the peace within such park or recreational area and shall have power to make arrests on view of the offense or upon warrants for violation of any of the ordinances governing such park or recreational area or for any breach of the peace in the same manner as the police in municipalities organized and existing under the general laws of the State. All such real property outside the county shall be contiguous to the county and within the boundaries of the State of Illinois.
        19. To appropriate funds from the county treasury to
be used to provide supportive social services designed to prevent the unnecessary institutionalization of elderly residents, or, for operation of, and equipment for, senior citizen centers providing social services to elderly residents.
        20. To appropriate funds from the county treasury and
loan such funds to a county water commission created under the "Water Commission Act", approved June 30, 1984, as now or hereafter amended, in such amounts and upon such terms as the county may determine or the county and the commission may agree. The county shall not under any circumstances be obligated to make such loans. The county shall not be required to charge interest on any such loans.
        21. To appropriate and expend funds from the county
treasury for economic development purposes, including the making of grants to any other governmental entity or commercial enterprise deemed necessary or desirable for the promotion of economic development in the county.
        22. To lease space on a telecommunications tower to
a public or private entity.
        23. In counties having a population of 100,000 or
less and a public building commission organized by the county seat of the county, to cause to be erected or otherwise provided, and to maintain or cause to be maintained, suitable facilities to house students pursuing a post-secondary education at an academic institution located within the county. The county may provide for the management of the facilities.
    All contracts for the purchase of coal under this Section shall be subject to the provisions of "An Act concerning the use of Illinois mined coal in certain plants and institutions", filed July 13, 1937, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 95-197, eff. 8-16-07; 95-813, eff. 1-1-09; 96-622, eff. 8-24-09.)