Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of HB1380
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Full Text of HB1380  99th General Assembly




State of Illinois
2015 and 2016


Introduced , by Rep. Brandon W. Phelps


5 ILCS 315/8  from Ch. 48, par. 1608
5 ILCS 315/11  from Ch. 48, par. 1611
5 ILCS 315/14  from Ch. 48, par. 1614

    Amends the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act. Provides that, unless mutually agreed otherwise, any party to a collective bargaining agreement who fails to timely comply with an arbitration award or who, after timely demand, fails to submit a grievance dispute concerning the administration or interpretation of an agreement to arbitration shall pay to the prevailing party all reasonable costs of the proceeding in the trial and reviewing courts, including reasonable attorneys' fees. Provides that a charging party or person who, pursuant to an application for judicial review of an order of the Board issued in relation to an unfair labor practice proceeding, obtains a stay of the Board's order pending judicial review shall pay all reasonable costs of the proceedings in the reviewing courts, including reasonable attorneys' fees, as determined by the court, in the event the final unappealable decision of the reviewing courts is adverse to the party obtaining the stay. Makes other changes. Effective immediately.

LRB099 06009 JLK 26063 b






HB1380LRB099 06009 JLK 26063 b

1    AN ACT concerning government.
2    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
3represented in the General Assembly:
4    Section 5. The Illinois Public Labor Relations Act is
5amended by changing Sections 8, 11, and 14 as follows:
6    (5 ILCS 315/8)  (from Ch. 48, par. 1608)
7    Sec. 8. Grievance Procedure; attorneys' fees. The
8collective bargaining agreement negotiated between the
9employer and the exclusive representative shall contain a
10grievance resolution procedure which shall apply to all
11employees in the bargaining unit and shall provide for final
12and binding arbitration of disputes concerning the
13administration or interpretation of the agreement unless
14mutually agreed otherwise. Any agreement containing a final and
15binding arbitration provision shall also contain a provision
16prohibiting strikes for the duration of the agreement. The
17grievance and arbitration provisions of any collective
18bargaining agreement shall be subject to the Illinois "Uniform
19Arbitration Act". The costs of such arbitration shall be borne
20equally by the employer and the employee organization.
21    Unless mutually agreed otherwise, any party to a collective
22bargaining agreement who fails to timely comply with an
23arbitration award or who, after timely demand, fails to submit



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1a grievance dispute concerning the administration or
2interpretation of an agreement to arbitration shall pay to the
3prevailing party all reasonable costs of the proceeding in the
4trial and reviewing courts, including reasonable attorneys'
5fees, as determined by the court, incurred in relation to any
6action to confirm or amend an award or to compel or stay
7arbitration of a grievance in the event the final, unappealable
8decision of the reviewing courts is adverse to the
9non-compliant party. Any mutual agreements otherwise shall be a
10permissive subject of bargaining.
11(Source: P.A. 83-1012.)
12    (5 ILCS 315/11)  (from Ch. 48, par. 1611)
13    Sec. 11. Unfair Labor Practice Procedures. Unfair labor
14practices may be dealt with by the Board in the following
16    (a) Whenever it is charged that any person has engaged in
17or is engaging in any unfair labor practice, the Board or any
18agent designated by the Board for such purposes, shall conduct
19an investigation of the charge. If after such investigation the
20Board finds that the charge involves a dispositive issue of law
21or fact the Board shall issue a complaint and cause to be
22served upon the person a complaint stating the charges,
23accompanied by a notice of hearing before the Board or a member
24thereof designated by the Board, or before a qualified hearing
25officer designated by the Board at the offices of the Board or



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1such other location as the Board deems appropriate, not less
2than 5 days after serving of such complaint provided that no
3complaint shall issue based upon any unfair labor practice
4occurring more than six months prior to the filing of a charge
5with the Board and the service of a copy thereof upon the
6person against whom the charge is made, unless the person
7aggrieved thereby did not reasonably have knowledge of the
8alleged unfair labor practice or was prevented from filing such
9a charge by reason of service in the armed forces, in which
10event the six month period shall be computed from the date of
11his discharge. Any such complaint may be amended by the member
12or hearing officer conducting the hearing for the Board in his
13discretion at any time prior to the issuance of an order based
14thereon. The person who is the subject of the complaint has the
15right to file an answer to the original or amended complaint
16and to appear in person or by a representative and give
17testimony at the place and time fixed in the complaint. In the
18discretion of the member or hearing officer conducting the
19hearing or the Board, any other person may be allowed to
20intervene in the proceeding and to present testimony. In any
21hearing conducted by the Board, neither the Board nor the
22member or agent conducting the hearing shall be bound by the
23rules of evidence applicable to courts, except as to the rules
24of privilege recognized by law.
25    (b) The Board shall have the power to issue subpoenas and
26administer oaths. If any party wilfully fails or neglects to



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1appear or testify or to produce books, papers and records
2pursuant to the issuance of a subpoena by the Board, the Board
3may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction to request that
4such party be ordered to appear before the Board to testify or
5produce the requested evidence.
6    (c) Any testimony taken by the Board, or a member
7designated by the Board or a hearing officer thereof, must be
8reduced to writing and filed with the Board. A full and
9complete record shall be kept of all proceedings before the
10Board, and all proceedings shall be transcribed by a reporter
11appointed by the Board. The party on whom the burden of proof
12rests shall be required to sustain such burden by a
13preponderance of the evidence. If, upon a preponderance of the
14evidence taken, the Board is of the opinion that any person
15named in the charge has engaged in or is engaging in an unfair
16labor practice, then it shall state its findings of fact and
17shall issue and cause to be served upon the person an order
18requiring him to cease and desist from the unfair labor
19practice, and to take such affirmative action, including
20reinstatement of public employees with or without back pay, as
21will effectuate the policies of this Act. If the Board awards
22back pay, it shall also award interest at the rate of 7% per
23annum. The Board's order may further require the person to make
24reports from time to time, and demonstrate the extent to which
25he has complied with the order. If there is no preponderance of
26evidence to indicate to the Board that the person named in the



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1charge has engaged in or is engaging in the unfair labor
2practice, then the Board shall state its findings of fact and
3shall issue an order dismissing the complaint. The Board's
4order may in its discretion also include an appropriate
5sanction, based on the Board's rules and regulations, and the
6sanction may include an order to pay the other party or
7parties' reasonable expenses including costs and reasonable
8attorney's fee, if the other party has made allegations or
9denials without reasonable cause and found to be untrue or has
10engaged in frivolous litigation for the purpose of delay or
11needless increase in the cost of litigation; the State of
12Illinois or any agency thereof shall be subject to the
13provisions of this sentence in the same manner as any other
15    (d) Until the record in a case has been filed in court, the
16Board at any time, upon reasonable notice and in such manner as
17it deems proper, may modify or set aside, in whole or in part,
18any finding or order made or issued by it.
19    (e) A charging party or any person aggrieved by a final
20order of the Board granting or denying in whole or in part the
21relief sought may apply for and obtain judicial review of an
22order of the Board entered under this Act, in accordance with
23the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, as now or
24hereafter amended, except that such judicial review shall be
25afforded directly in the appellate court for the district in
26which the aggrieved party resides or transacts business, and



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1provided, that such judicial review shall not be available for
2the purpose of challenging a final order issued by the Board
3pursuant to Section 9 of this Act for which judicial review has
4been petitioned pursuant to subsection (i) of Section 9. Any
5direct appeal to the Appellate Court shall be filed within 35
6days from the date that a copy of the decision sought to be
7reviewed was served upon the party affected by the decision.
8The Board in proceedings under this Section may obtain an order
9of the court for the enforcement of its order. A charging party
10or person who, pursuant to an application for judicial review
11of an order of the Board issued in relation to an unfair labor
12practice proceeding, obtains a stay of the Board's order
13pending judicial review shall pay all reasonable costs of the
14proceedings in the reviewing courts, including reasonable
15attorneys' fees, as determined by the court, in the event the
16final unappealable decision of the reviewing courts is adverse
17to the party obtaining the stay.
18    (f) Whenever it appears that any person has violated a
19final order of the Board issued pursuant to this Section, the
20Board must commence an action in the name of the People of the
21State of Illinois by petition, alleging the violation,
22attaching a copy of the order of the Board, and praying for the
23issuance of an order directing the person, his officers,
24agents, servants, successors, and assigns to comply with the
25order of the Board. The Board shall be represented in this
26action by the Attorney General in accordance with the Attorney



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1General Act. The court may grant or refuse, in whole or in
2part, the relief sought, provided that the court may stay an
3order of the Board in accordance with the Administrative Review
4Law, pending disposition of the proceedings. The court may
5punish a violation of its order as in civil contempt.
6    (g) The proceedings provided in paragraph (f) of this
7Section shall be commenced in the Appellate Court for the
8district where the unfair labor practice which is the subject
9of the Board's order was committed, or where a person required
10to cease and desist by such order resides or transacts
12    (h) The Board through the Attorney General, shall have
13power, upon issuance of an unfair labor practice complaint
14alleging that a person has engaged in or is engaging in an
15unfair labor practice, to petition the circuit court where the
16alleged unfair labor practice which is the subject of the
17Board's complaint was allegedly committed, or where a person
18required to cease and desist from such alleged unfair labor
19practice resides or transacts business, for appropriate
20temporary relief or restraining order. Upon the filing of any
21such petition, the court shall cause notice thereof to be
22served upon such persons, and thereupon shall have jurisdiction
23to grant to the Board such temporary relief or restraining
24order as it deems just and proper.
25    (i) If an unfair labor practice charge involves the
26interpretation or application of a collective bargaining



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1agreement and said agreement contains a grievance procedure
2with binding arbitration as its terminal step, the Board may
3defer the resolution of such dispute to the grievance and
4arbitration procedure contained in said agreement.
5(Source: P.A. 87-736; 88-1.)
6    (5 ILCS 315/14)  (from Ch. 48, par. 1614)
7    Sec. 14. Security Employee, Peace Officer and Fire Fighter
9    (a) In the case of collective bargaining agreements
10involving units of security employees of a public employer,
11Peace Officer Units, or units of fire fighters or paramedics,
12and in the case of disputes under Section 18, unless the
13parties mutually agree to some other time limit, mediation
14shall commence 30 days prior to the expiration date of such
15agreement or at such later time as the mediation services
16chosen under subsection (b) of Section 12 can be provided to
17the parties. In the case of negotiations for an initial
18collective bargaining agreement, mediation shall commence upon
1915 days notice from either party or at such later time as the
20mediation services chosen pursuant to subsection (b) of Section
2112 can be provided to the parties. In mediation under this
22Section, if either party requests the use of mediation services
23from the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, the other
24party shall either join in such request or bear the additional
25cost of mediation services from another source. The mediator



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1shall have a duty to keep the Board informed on the progress of
2the mediation. If any dispute has not been resolved within 15
3days after the first meeting of the parties and the mediator,
4or within such other time limit as may be mutually agreed upon
5by the parties, either the exclusive representative or employer
6may request of the other, in writing, arbitration, and shall
7submit a copy of the request to the Board.
8    (b) Within 10 days after such a request for arbitration has
9been made, the employer shall choose a delegate and the
10employees' exclusive representative shall choose a delegate to
11a panel of arbitration as provided in this Section. The
12employer and employees shall forthwith advise the other and the
13Board of their selections.
14    (c) Within 7 days after the request of either party, the
15parties shall request a panel of impartial arbitrators from
16which they shall select the neutral chairman according to the
17procedures provided in this Section. If the parties have agreed
18to a contract that contains a grievance resolution procedure as
19provided in Section 8, the chairman shall be selected using
20their agreed contract procedure unless they mutually agree to
21another procedure. If the parties fail to notify the Board of
22their selection of neutral chairman within 7 days after receipt
23of the list of impartial arbitrators, the Board shall appoint,
24at random, a neutral chairman from the list. In the absence of
25an agreed contract procedure for selecting an impartial
26arbitrator, either party may request a panel from the Board.



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1Within 7 days of the request of either party, the Board shall
2select from the Public Employees Labor Mediation Roster 7
3persons who are on the labor arbitration panels of either the
4American Arbitration Association or the Federal Mediation and
5Conciliation Service, or who are members of the National
6Academy of Arbitrators, as nominees for impartial arbitrator of
7the arbitration panel. The parties may select an individual on
8the list provided by the Board or any other individual mutually
9agreed upon by the parties. Within 7 days following the receipt
10of the list, the parties shall notify the Board of the person
11they have selected. Unless the parties agree on an alternate
12selection procedure, they shall alternatively strike one name
13from the list provided by the Board until only one name
14remains. A coin toss shall determine which party shall strike
15the first name. If the parties fail to notify the Board in a
16timely manner of their selection for neutral chairman, the
17Board shall appoint a neutral chairman from the Illinois Public
18Employees Mediation/Arbitration Roster.
19    (d) The chairman shall call a hearing to begin within 15
20days and give reasonable notice of the time and place of the
21hearing. The hearing shall be held at the offices of the Board
22or at such other location as the Board deems appropriate. The
23chairman shall preside over the hearing and shall take
24testimony. Any oral or documentary evidence and other data
25deemed relevant by the arbitration panel may be received in
26evidence. The proceedings shall be informal. Technical rules of



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1evidence shall not apply and the competency of the evidence
2shall not thereby be deemed impaired. A verbatim record of the
3proceedings shall be made and the arbitrator shall arrange for
4the necessary recording service. Transcripts may be ordered at
5the expense of the party ordering them, but the transcripts
6shall not be necessary for a decision by the arbitration panel.
7The expense of the proceedings, including a fee for the
8chairman, shall be borne equally by each of the parties to the
9dispute. The delegates, if public officers or employees, shall
10continue on the payroll of the public employer without loss of
11pay. The hearing conducted by the arbitration panel may be
12adjourned from time to time, but unless otherwise agreed by the
13parties, shall be concluded within 30 days of the time of its
14commencement. Majority actions and rulings shall constitute
15the actions and rulings of the arbitration panel. Arbitration
16proceedings under this Section shall not be interrupted or
17terminated by reason of any unfair labor practice charge filed
18by either party at any time.
19    (e) The arbitration panel may administer oaths, require the
20attendance of witnesses, and the production of such books,
21papers, contracts, agreements and documents as may be deemed by
22it material to a just determination of the issues in dispute,
23and for such purpose may issue subpoenas. If any person refuses
24to obey a subpoena, or refuses to be sworn or to testify, or if
25any witness, party or attorney is guilty of any contempt while
26in attendance at any hearing, the arbitration panel may, or the



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1attorney general if requested shall, invoke the aid of any
2circuit court within the jurisdiction in which the hearing is
3being held, which court shall issue an appropriate order. Any
4failure to obey the order may be punished by the court as
6    (f) At any time before the rendering of an award, the
7chairman of the arbitration panel, if he is of the opinion that
8it would be useful or beneficial to do so, may remand the
9dispute to the parties for further collective bargaining for a
10period not to exceed 2 weeks. If the dispute is remanded for
11further collective bargaining the time provisions of this Act
12shall be extended for a time period equal to that of the
13remand. The chairman of the panel of arbitration shall notify
14the Board of the remand.
15    (g) At or before the conclusion of the hearing held
16pursuant to subsection (d), the arbitration panel shall
17identify the economic issues in dispute, and direct each of the
18parties to submit, within such time limit as the panel shall
19prescribe, to the arbitration panel and to each other its last
20offer of settlement on each economic issue. The determination
21of the arbitration panel as to the issues in dispute and as to
22which of these issues are economic shall be conclusive. The
23arbitration panel, within 30 days after the conclusion of the
24hearing, or such further additional periods to which the
25parties may agree, shall make written findings of fact and
26promulgate a written opinion and shall mail or otherwise



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1deliver a true copy thereof to the parties and their
2representatives and to the Board. As to each economic issue,
3the arbitration panel shall adopt the last offer of settlement
4which, in the opinion of the arbitration panel, more nearly
5complies with the applicable factors prescribed in subsection
6(h). The findings, opinions and order as to all other issues
7shall be based upon the applicable factors prescribed in
8subsection (h).
9    (h) Where there is no agreement between the parties, or
10where there is an agreement but the parties have begun
11negotiations or discussions looking to a new agreement or
12amendment of the existing agreement, and wage rates or other
13conditions of employment under the proposed new or amended
14agreement are in dispute, the arbitration panel shall base its
15findings, opinions and order upon the following factors, as
17        (1) The lawful authority of the employer.
18        (2) Stipulations of the parties.
19        (3) The interests and welfare of the public and the
20    financial ability of the unit of government to meet those
21    costs.
22        (4) Comparison of the wages, hours and conditions of
23    employment of the employees involved in the arbitration
24    proceeding with the wages, hours and conditions of
25    employment of other employees performing similar services
26    and with other employees generally:



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1            (A) In public employment in comparable
2        communities.
3            (B) In private employment in comparable
4        communities.
5        (5) The average consumer prices for goods and services,
6    commonly known as the cost of living.
7        (6) The overall compensation presently received by the
8    employees, including direct wage compensation, vacations,
9    holidays and other excused time, insurance and pensions,
10    medical and hospitalization benefits, the continuity and
11    stability of employment and all other benefits received.
12        (7) Changes in any of the foregoing circumstances
13    during the pendency of the arbitration proceedings.
14        (8) Such other factors, not confined to the foregoing,
15    which are normally or traditionally taken into
16    consideration in the determination of wages, hours and
17    conditions of employment through voluntary collective
18    bargaining, mediation, fact-finding, arbitration or
19    otherwise between the parties, in the public service or in
20    private employment.
21    (i) In the case of peace officers, the arbitration decision
22shall be limited to wages, hours, and conditions of employment
23(which may include residency requirements in municipalities
24with a population under 1,000,000, but those residency
25requirements shall not allow residency outside of Illinois) and
26shall not include the following: i) residency requirements in



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1municipalities with a population of at least 1,000,000; ii) the
2type of equipment, other than uniforms, issued or used; iii)
3manning; iv) the total number of employees employed by the
4department; v) mutual aid and assistance agreements to other
5units of government; and vi) the criterion pursuant to which
6force, including deadly force, can be used; provided, nothing
7herein shall preclude an arbitration decision regarding
8equipment or manning levels if such decision is based on a
9finding that the equipment or manning considerations in a
10specific work assignment involve a serious risk to the safety
11of a peace officer beyond that which is inherent in the normal
12performance of police duties. Limitation of the terms of the
13arbitration decision pursuant to this subsection shall not be
14construed to limit the factors upon which the decision may be
15based, as set forth in subsection (h).
16    In the case of fire fighter, and fire department or fire
17district paramedic matters, the arbitration decision shall be
18limited to wages, hours, and conditions of employment (which
19may include residency requirements in municipalities with a
20population under 1,000,000, but those residency requirements
21shall not allow residency outside of Illinois) and shall not
22include the following matters: i) residency requirements in
23municipalities with a population of at least 1,000,000; ii) the
24type of equipment (other than uniforms and fire fighter turnout
25gear) issued or used; iii) the total number of employees
26employed by the department; iv) mutual aid and assistance



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1agreements to other units of government; and v) the criterion
2pursuant to which force, including deadly force, can be used;
3provided, however, nothing herein shall preclude an
4arbitration decision regarding equipment levels if such
5decision is based on a finding that the equipment
6considerations in a specific work assignment involve a serious
7risk to the safety of a fire fighter beyond that which is
8inherent in the normal performance of fire fighter duties.
9Limitation of the terms of the arbitration decision pursuant to
10this subsection shall not be construed to limit the facts upon
11which the decision may be based, as set forth in subsection
13    The changes to this subsection (i) made by Public Act
1490-385 (relating to residency requirements) do not apply to
15persons who are employed by a combined department that performs
16both police and firefighting services; these persons shall be
17governed by the provisions of this subsection (i) relating to
18peace officers, as they existed before the amendment by Public
19Act 90-385.
20    To preserve historical bargaining rights, this subsection
21shall not apply to any provision of a fire fighter collective
22bargaining agreement in effect and applicable on the effective
23date of this Act; provided, however, nothing herein shall
24preclude arbitration with respect to any such provision.
25    (j) Arbitration procedures shall be deemed to be initiated
26by the filing of a letter requesting mediation as required



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1under subsection (a) of this Section. The commencement of a new
2municipal fiscal year after the initiation of arbitration
3procedures under this Act, but before the arbitration decision,
4or its enforcement, shall not be deemed to render a dispute
5moot, or to otherwise impair the jurisdiction or authority of
6the arbitration panel or its decision. Increases in rates of
7compensation awarded by the arbitration panel may be effective
8only at the start of the fiscal year next commencing after the
9date of the arbitration award. If a new fiscal year has
10commenced either since the initiation of arbitration
11procedures under this Act or since any mutually agreed
12extension of the statutorily required period of mediation under
13this Act by the parties to the labor dispute causing a delay in
14the initiation of arbitration, the foregoing limitations shall
15be inapplicable, and such awarded increases may be retroactive
16to the commencement of the fiscal year, any other statute or
17charter provisions to the contrary, notwithstanding. At any
18time the parties, by stipulation, may amend or modify an award
19of arbitration.
20    (k) Orders of the arbitration panel shall be reviewable,
21upon appropriate petition by either the public employer or the
22exclusive bargaining representative, by the circuit court for
23the county in which the dispute arose or in which a majority of
24the affected employees reside, but only for reasons that the
25arbitration panel was without or exceeded its statutory
26authority; the order is arbitrary, or capricious; or the order



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1was procured by fraud, collusion or other similar and unlawful
2means. Such petitions for review must be filed with the
3appropriate circuit court within 90 days following the issuance
4of the arbitration order. The pendency of such proceeding for
5review shall not automatically stay the order of the
6arbitration panel. The party against whom the final decision of
7any such court shall be adverse, if such court finds such
8appeal or petition to be frivolous, shall pay reasonable
9attorneys' fees and costs to the successful party as determined
10by said court in its discretion. Any public employer who
11obtains a stay of an award issued by an arbitration panel or
12single arbitrator under the authority of this Section, or any
13mutually agreed procedures, shall pay all reasonable costs of
14the proceedings in the reviewing courts, including reasonable
15attorneys' fees, as determined by the court, in the event the
16final, unappealable decision of the reviewing courts is adverse
17to the public employer. Any mutually agreed procedures
18providing for submission of disputes to which this Section
19applies to an arbitrator other than an arbitration panel shall
20be a permissive subject of bargaining. If said court's decision
21affirms the award of money, such award, if retroactive, shall
22bear interest at the rate of 12 percent per annum from the
23effective retroactive date.
24    (l) During the pendency of proceedings before the
25arbitration panel, existing wages, hours, and other conditions
26of employment shall not be changed by action of either party



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1without the consent of the other but a party may so consent
2without prejudice to his rights or position under this Act. The
3proceedings are deemed to be pending before the arbitration
4panel upon the initiation of arbitration procedures under this
6    (m) Security officers of public employers, and Peace
7Officers, Fire Fighters and fire department and fire protection
8district paramedics, covered by this Section may not withhold
9services, nor may public employers lock out or prevent such
10employees from performing services at any time.
11    (n) All of the terms decided upon by the arbitration panel
12shall be included in an agreement to be submitted to the public
13employer's governing body for ratification and adoption by law,
14ordinance or the equivalent appropriate means.
15    The governing body shall review each term decided by the
16arbitration panel. If the governing body fails to reject one or
17more terms of the arbitration panel's decision by a 3/5 vote of
18those duly elected and qualified members of the governing body,
19within 20 days of issuance, or in the case of firefighters
20employed by a state university, at the next regularly scheduled
21meeting of the governing body after issuance, such term or
22terms shall become a part of the collective bargaining
23agreement of the parties. If the governing body affirmatively
24rejects one or more terms of the arbitration panel's decision,
25it must provide reasons for such rejection with respect to each
26term so rejected, within 20 days of such rejection and the



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1parties shall return to the arbitration panel for further
2proceedings and issuance of a supplemental decision with
3respect to the rejected terms. Any supplemental decision by an
4arbitration panel or other decision maker agreed to by the
5parties shall be submitted to the governing body for
6ratification and adoption in accordance with the procedures and
7voting requirements set forth in this Section. The voting
8requirements of this subsection shall apply to all disputes
9submitted to arbitration pursuant to this Section
10notwithstanding any contrary voting requirements contained in
11any existing collective bargaining agreement between the
13    (o) If the governing body of the employer votes to reject
14the panel's decision, the parties shall return to the panel
15within 30 days from the issuance of the reasons for rejection
16for further proceedings and issuance of a supplemental
17decision. All reasonable costs of such supplemental proceeding
18including the exclusive representative's reasonable attorney's
19fees, as established by the Board, shall be paid by the
21    (p) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section the
22employer and exclusive representative may agree to submit
23unresolved disputes concerning wages, hours, terms and
24conditions of employment to an alternative form of impasse
26(Source: P.A. 98-535, eff. 1-1-14.)



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1    Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon
2becoming law.