Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of HB3902
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Full Text of HB3902  103rd General Assembly




HB3902 EnrolledLRB103 31058 DTM 57678 b

1    AN ACT concerning State government.
2    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
3represented in the General Assembly:
4    Section 1. This Act may be referred to as the Drones as
5First Responders Act.
6    Section 5. The Freedom from Drone Surveillance Act is
7amended by changing Sections 5, 15, 20, 25, and 35 and by
8adding Sections 17, 18, and 45 as follows:
9    (725 ILCS 167/5)
10    Sec. 5. Definitions. As used in this Act:
11    "Authority" means the Illinois Criminal Justice
12Information Authority.
13    "Drone" means any aerial vehicle that does not carry a
14human operator.
15    "Information" means any evidence, images, sounds, data, or
16other information gathered by a drone.
17    "Law enforcement agency" means any agency of this State or
18a political subdivision of this State which is vested by law
19with the duty to maintain public order and to enforce criminal
21    "Parade" means a march, procession, or other similar
22activity consisting of persons, animals, vehicles, or things,



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1or any combination thereof, upon a public street, sidewalk,
2alley, or other public place, which requires a street closing
3or otherwise requires stopping or rerouting vehicular traffic
4because the parade will not or cannot comply with normal and
5usual traffic regulations or controls. "Parade" does not
6include a political protest, march, demonstration, or other
7assembly protected by the First Amendment.
8    "Routed event" means a parade, walk, or race that:
9        (1) is hosted by the State of Illinois or a county,
10    municipality, township, or park district;
11        (2) is outdoors and open to the public; and
12        (3) has an estimated attendance of more than 50
13    people.
14    "Routed event" does not include any political protest,
15march, demonstration, or other assembly protected by the First
17    "Special event" means a concert or food festival that:
18        (1) is hosted by the State of Illinois or a county,
19    municipality, township, or park district;
20        (2) is outdoors and open to the public; and
21        (3) has an estimated attendance of:
22            (i) 150 or more people in a unit of local
23        government with a population that is less than 50,000;
24            (ii) 250 or more people in a unit of local
25        government with a population that is greater than or
26        equal to 50,000 but less than 100,000;



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1            (iii) 350 or more people in a unit of local
2        government with a population that is greater than or
3        equal to 100,000 but less than 500,000; or
4            (iv) 500 or more people in a unit of local
5        government with a population that is 500,000 or more.
6    "Special event" does not include any political protest,
7march, demonstration, or other assembly protected by the First
9(Source: P.A. 98-569, eff. 1-1-14.)
10    (725 ILCS 167/15)
11    Sec. 15. Exceptions. This Act does not prohibit the use of
12a drone by a law enforcement agency:
13        (1) To counter a high risk of a terrorist attack by a
14    specific individual or organization if the United States
15    Secretary of Homeland Security determines that credible
16    intelligence indicates that there is that risk.
17        (2) If a law enforcement agency first obtains a search
18    warrant based on probable cause issued under Section 108-3
19    of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963. The warrant
20    must be limited to a period of 45 days, renewable by the
21    judge upon a showing of good cause for subsequent periods
22    of 45 days.
23        (3) If a law enforcement agency possesses reasonable
24    suspicion that, under particular circumstances, swift
25    action is needed to prevent imminent harm to life, or to



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1    forestall the imminent escape of a suspect or the
2    destruction of evidence. The use of a drone under this
3    paragraph (3) is limited to a period of 48 hours. Within 24
4    hours of the initiation of the use of a drone under this
5    paragraph (3), the chief executive officer of the law
6    enforcement agency must report in writing the use of a
7    drone to the local State's Attorney.
8        (4) If a law enforcement agency is not undertaking a
9    criminal investigation but is attempting to locate a
10    missing person, engaging in search and rescue operations,
11    or aiding a person who cannot otherwise be safely reached ,
12    and is not also undertaking a criminal investigation.
13        (5) If a law enforcement agency is using a drone
14    solely for crime scene and traffic crash scene
15    photography. Crime scene and traffic crash photography
16    must be conducted in a geographically confined and
17    time-limited manner to document specific occurrences. The
18    use of a drone under this paragraph (5) on private
19    property requires either a search warrant based on
20    probable cause under Section 108-3 of the Code of Criminal
21    Procedure of 1963 or lawful consent to search. The use of a
22    drone under this paragraph (5) on lands, highways,
23    roadways, or areas belonging to this State or political
24    subdivisions of this State does not require a search
25    warrant or consent to search. Any law enforcement agency
26    operating a drone under this paragraph (5) shall make



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1    every reasonable attempt to only photograph the crime
2    scene or traffic crash scene and avoid other areas.
3        (6) If a law enforcement agency is using a drone
4    during a disaster or public health emergency, as defined
5    by Section 4 of the Illinois Emergency Management Agency
6    Act. The use of a drone under this paragraph (6) does not
7    require an official declaration of a disaster or public
8    health emergency prior to use. A law enforcement agency
9    may use a drone under this paragraph (6) to obtain
10    information necessary for the determination of whether or
11    not a disaster or public health emergency should be
12    declared, to monitor weather or emergency conditions, to
13    survey damage, or to otherwise coordinate response and
14    recovery efforts. The use of a drone under this paragraph
15    (6) is permissible during the disaster or public health
16    emergency and during subsequent response and recovery
17    efforts.
18        (7) To conduct an infrastructure inspection of a
19    designated building or structure at the express request of
20    a local government agency. Any law enforcement agency
21    operating a drone under this paragraph (7) shall make
22    every reasonable attempt to photograph only the building
23    or structure and to avoid other areas.
24        (8) To demonstrate the capabilities and functionality
25    of a police drone for public relations purposes, provided
26    that no information is collected or recorded by the drone



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1    during such demonstration.
2        (9) In response to Public Safety Answering Point
3    (PSAP) dispatched calls for service, when the sole purpose
4    for using a drone is for one or more first responders to
5    locate victims, to assist with immediate victim health or
6    safety needs, or to coordinate the response of emergency
7    vehicles and personnel to an emergency. As used in this
8    paragraph (9), "Public Safety Answering Point" and "PSAP"
9    have the meaning given to those terms in Section 2 of the
10    Emergency Telephone System Act.
11        (10) If a law enforcement agency is using a drone at a
12    routed event or special event. The use of a drone under
13    this paragraph (10) requires that:
14            (A) notice is posted at the event location for at
15        least 24 hours before the event and clearly
16        communicates that drones may be used at the upcoming
17        event for the purpose of real-time monitoring of
18        participant safety;
19            (B) notice is posted, if practical, at major entry
20        points to the event clearly informing the attendees
21        that a drone may be used for the purpose of real-time
22        monitoring of participant safety; and
23            (C) the drone is flown in accordance with Federal
24        Aviation Administration safety regulations.
25        Under this paragraph (10), a law enforcement agency
26    may use the drone:



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1            (i) in advance of an event, before event
2        participants have begun to assemble, for the sole
3        purpose of creating maps and determining appropriate
4        access routes, staging areas, and traffic routes,
5        provided that no personal identifying information is
6        recorded and provided further that no recorded
7        information is used in any criminal prosecution; or
8            (ii) during the event to proactively support
9        public safety personnel by monitoring the event
10        footprint in real time:
11                (I) to detect a breach of event space,
12            including a breach by an unauthorized vehicle, an
13            interruption of a parade route, or a breach of an
14            event barricade or fencing;
15                (II) to evaluate crowd size and density;
16                (III) to identify activity that could present
17            a public safety issue for the crowd as a whole,
18            including crowd movement;
19                (IV) to assist in the response of public
20            safety personnel to a real-time public safety
21            incident at the event; and
22                (V) to assess the traffic and pedestrian flow
23            around the event in real time.
24(Source: P.A. 98-569, eff. 1-1-14; 98-831, eff. 1-1-15.)
25    (725 ILCS 167/17 new)



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1    Sec. 17. Use of facial recognition. A law enforcement
2agency operating a drone under this Act is prohibited from
3using, during a flight, onboard facial recognition software
4that works in conjunction with the drone. A law enforcement
5agency operating a drone under this Act is prohibited from
6using any information gathered by a drone with any facial
7recognition software, unless either (i) the law enforcement
8agency is using a drone to counter a high risk of a terrorist
9attack by a specific individual or organization and the United
10States Secretary of Homeland Security has determined that
11credible intelligence indicates that there is such a risk or
12(ii) the law enforcement agency possesses reasonable suspicion
13that, under particular circumstances, swift action is needed
14to prevent imminent harm to life or to forestall the imminent
15escape of a suspect or the destruction of evidence.
16    (725 ILCS 167/18 new)
17    Sec. 18. Use of weapons. A law enforcement agency
18operating a drone under this Act is prohibited from equipping
19or using on a drone any firearm, weaponized laser, kinetic
20impact projectile, chemical agent or irritant, or any other
21lethal or non-lethal weapon.
22    (725 ILCS 167/20)
23    Sec. 20. Information retention.
24    (a) If a law enforcement agency uses a drone under Section



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115 of this Act, the agency within 30 days shall destroy all
2information gathered by the drone within the following
4        (1) All information gathered pursuant to paragraph
5    (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (9) of Section 15 shall be
6    destroyed within 30 days after being gathered.
7        (2) All information gathered pursuant to paragraph
8    (10) of Section 15 shall be destroyed within 24 hours
9    after being gathered.
10        (3) All information gathered pursuant to paragraph (7)
11    of Section 15 shall be turned over to the requesting local
12    government agency as soon as practicable, and all gathered
13    information shall be destroyed immediately after the
14    information has been turned over.
15    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), except that a
16supervisor at a law enforcement that agency may retain
17particular information if:
18        (1) there is reasonable suspicion that the information
19    contains evidence of criminal activity; , or
20        (2) the information is relevant to an ongoing
21    investigation or pending criminal trial;
22        (3) a supervisor at the agency deems that the
23    information will be used exclusively for training
24    purposes, provided that any such information shall not
25    contain any personally identifiable information; or
26        (4) the information consists of only flight path data,



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1    metadata, or telemetry information of the drone.
2(Source: P.A. 98-569, eff. 1-1-14.)
3    (725 ILCS 167/25)
4    Sec. 25. Information disclosure.
5    (a) If a law enforcement agency uses a drone under Section
615 of this Act, the agency shall not disclose any information
7gathered by the drone, except that a supervisor of that agency
8may disclose particular information to another governmental
9government agency, if (1) there is reasonable suspicion that
10the information contains evidence of criminal activity, or (2)
11the information is relevant to an ongoing investigation or
12pending criminal trial.
13    (b) Records of drone usage, including flight path data,
14metadata, or telemetry information of specific flights, if
15available, may be disclosed subject to the Freedom of
16Information Act and rules adopted under that Act.
17    (c) A law enforcement agency that uses a drone under
18Section 15 shall neither sell any information gathered by the
19drone nor disclose any information gathered by the drone to
20any person to whom disclosure is not authorized under this
22    (d) Nothing in this Act prevents the disclosure of
23information through a court order or subpoena in connection
24with a criminal proceeding or if the disclosure is in regard to
25a completed traffic crash investigation.



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1(Source: P.A. 98-569, eff. 1-1-14.)
2    (725 ILCS 167/35)
3    Sec. 35. Reporting.
4    (a) If a law enforcement agency owns one or more drones,
5then subsequent to the effective date of this Act, it shall
6report in writing annually by April 1 to the Authority the
7number of drones that it owns, the number of times a drone was
8used pursuant to each paragraph of Section 15, including the
9date of use, time of use, reason for use, location, whether
10video was recorded, and whether the video is designated for
11retention for training purposes. The report shall contain a
12copy of the agency's latest policy concerning drones as of the
13most recent April 1.
14    (b) On July 1 of each year, the Authority shall publish on
15its publicly available website a concise report that lists
16every law enforcement agency that owns a drone, and for each of
17those agencies, the number of drones that it owns, the number
18of times a drone was used pursuant to each paragraph of Section
1915, including the date of use, time of use, reason for use,
20location, whether video was recorded, whether the video is
21designated for retention for training purposes. The report
22shall contain a copy of the agency's latest policy concerning
23drones as of the most recent April 1.
24    (c) Each law enforcement agency that uses a drone shall
25implement and make publicly available on its website the law



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1enforcement agency's policy governing the operation, use,
2administration, and oversight of its drone program.
3(Source: P.A. 98-569, eff. 1-1-14.)
4    (725 ILCS 167/45 new)
5    Sec. 45. Policy; violations.
6    (a) Each law enforcement agency using drones under this
7Act shall have a policy outlining drone use consistent with
8this Act. The policy shall include that, if an agency learns of
9violations of this Act, the agency shall immediately take
10actions to prevent future violations of the Act through any
11one or more of the following means: training, discipline,
12including progressive discipline for repeat violations, or
13other means that will prevent repeated violations of the Act
14by law enforcement. If an agency learns of willful and wanton
15violations of this Act, the agency shall immediately remove
16the pilot from its drone program and take action to prevent
17future willful and wanton violations of the Act.
18    (b) The Attorney General shall have authority to conduct
19investigations into patterns and practices of violations of
20this Act. The Attorney General may:
21        (1) require a law enforcement agency, law enforcement
22    official, or any other person or entity to file a
23    statement or report in writing under oath or otherwise, as
24    to all information the Attorney General may consider
25    necessary;



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1        (2) examine under oath any law enforcement official or
2    any other person alleged to have participated in or with
3    knowledge of the alleged violation; or
4        (3) issue subpoenas, obtain records, conduct hearings,
5    or take any other actions in aid of any investigation.
6    If a law enforcement agency, law enforcement official, or
7other person or entity fails to comply, in whole or in part,
8with a subpoena or other investigative request issued under
9paragraph (3) of this subsection, the Attorney General may
10compel compliance through an action in the circuit court.
11    (c) Following completion of an investigation under
12subsection (b), the Attorney General may, upon his or her own
13information or upon the complaint of any person, maintain an
14action for declaratory, injunctive, or any other equitable
15relief in the circuit court against any law enforcement
16agency, law enforcement official, or other person or entity
17who violates any provision of this Act. These remedies are in
18addition to, and not in substitution for, other available
19remedies, penalties, or disciplinary action.
20    (d) Upon entry of an adverse judgment under this Act
21demonstrating a pattern or practice of violations of this Act,
22a law enforcement agency shall forfeit its ability to use
23drones under Section 15 of this Act for not less than 6 months
24for a first adverse judgment and up to one year for a second
25adverse judgment demonstrating a pattern or practice of
26violating this Act.



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1    (e) Nothing in this Section is intended to prohibit or
2limit any other remedy available by law.
3    Section 97. Severability. The provisions of this Act are
4severable under Section 1.31 of the Statute on Statutes.
5    Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon
6becoming law.