Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of HB1904
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Full Text of HB1904  102nd General Assembly

HB1904 102ND GENERAL ASSEMBLY

  
  

 


 
102ND GENERAL ASSEMBLY
State of Illinois
2021 and 2022
HB1904

 

Introduced 2/17/2021, by Rep. Deanne M. Mazzochi

 

SYNOPSIS AS INTRODUCED:
 
New Act
30 ILCS 805/8.45 new

    Creates the Patient-Assisted Hemophilia Medication Administration Act. Provides that emergency personnel may assist a patient with a rare blood disease in emergency situations to administer patient-carried medication if the administration meets specified requirements, irrespective of the age of the patient and without the need to secure separate consent from the patient or the patient's caregiver or a legal guardian if the emergency personnel take steps to deliver the patient to a receiving hospital and the receiving hospital is informed of the pending arrival of the rare blood disease patient, along with the treatment instituted by the emergency personnel. Provides an exemption from civil or professional liability. Allows the Department of Public Health to conduct or approve a training program for emergency personnel to recognize and learn additional treatment protocols for rare blood disorders. Amends the State Mandates Act to require implementation without reimbursement.


LRB102 13481 CPF 18828 b

FISCAL NOTE ACT MAY APPLY

 

 

A BILL FOR

 

HB1904LRB102 13481 CPF 18828 b

1    AN ACT concerning health.
 
2    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
3represented in the General Assembly:
 
4    Section 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the
5Patient-Assisted Hemophilia Medication Administration Act.
 
6    Section 5. Findings. The General Assembly finds that:
7        (1) Patients that have rare bleeding disorders such as
8    hemophilia and Von Willebrand Disease can create large
9    demands on health care resources, and such patients
10    necessitate the provision of unique care. Patients with
11    these diseases may suffer profuse, life-threatening
12    bleeding even through minor trauma. Patients commonly may
13    receive human or recombinant blood factors
14    prophylactically throughout each week to keep blood factor
15    levels within safe levels.
16        (2) During an emergency situation, which may include
17    either a minor or major trauma event, it is the standard of
18    care and opinion of experts that, "if in doubt, treat",
19    preferably within 2 hours.
20        (3) For severe or life-threatening bleeding, patients
21    need appropriate clotting factors by intravenous push over
22    one to 2 minutes followed by additional follow up
23    prophylactic care.

 

 

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1        (4) Because of the need for immediate treatment, it is
2    common for patients with rare bleeding disorders to carry
3    with them at all times their own clotting factor,
4    including, but not limited to, factor VIII, factor IX, and
5    Von Willebrand factor; desmopressin; anti-inhibitor
6    coagulant complex; or related substances.
7        (5) The risk of overdose of rare disease blood
8    treatment factors is rare and low relative to the risk of
9    harm to such patients from failure to adequately dose rare
10    blood disease treatment factors if treatment is not
11    administered quickly when an emergency bleed occurs.
12    Failure to treat quickly at the time of trauma may also
13    necessitate increased administration of rare blood disease
14    treatment factors for a period of days or weeks compared
15    to normal prophylactic care doses. Treating patients with
16    medication that patients have on hand also lessens the
17    likelihood that a patient will suffer adverse and
18    potentially life-threatening side effects from the
19    generation of alloantibodies, inhibitory antibodies,
20    triggering antibodies, or undesirable binding of HLA class
21    II antigens.
22        (6) Patients and their associated caregivers who may
23    be nonmedical personnel, such as parents, are frequently
24    trained on how to administer rare blood disease treatment
25    factors to address acute trauma events. However, there may
26    be times when the caregiver is either not present or

 

 

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1    incapacitated; or otherwise solely in the presence of
2    those who have not been trained in how to provide
3    intravenous infusions.
4        (7) Patients and their associated caregivers have
5    experienced failure to immediately treat in response to
6    acute trauma, even when the patient has his or her own
7    rescue medication on hand, because of confusion in the
8    scope of permissible practice.
9        (8) It is the goal of the General Assembly to
10    encourage emergency management technicians, assistant
11    emergency medical technicians, and paramedics certified
12    under Illinois statutes to assist a patient with a rare
13    blood disease in emergency situations.
 
14    Section 10. Definitions. In this Act:
15    "Administer" means to directly apply, via injector, or
16deliver, via infusion, a medication associated with a rare
17blood disease to the body of an individual.
18    "Emergency personnel" includes any emergency medical
19technician, assistant emergency medical technician, and
20paramedic licensed under the Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
21Systems Act.
22    "Emergency situations" includes at least the following:
23situations where a call is initiated to or received by 9-1-1 or
24other emergency response service; events where an emergency
25medical technician, assistant emergency medical technician, or

 

 

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1paramedic has been specially retained to be present; an
2accident scene; ambulance transport; airlift transport;
3situations where federal emergency response agencies have been
4called to a scene; or situations which otherwise arise in a
5location in the State of Illinois that is not an urgent care
6center or hospital.
7    "Health care practitioner" means a physician licensed to
8practice medicine in all its branches under the Medical
9Practice Act of 1987; a physician assistant under the
10Physician Assistant Practice Act of 1987 with prescriptive
11authority; or an advanced practice registered nurse with
12prescribing authority under Article 65 of the Nurse Practice
13Act.
14    "Patient-carried medication" means:
15        (1) for a patient who is a resident in the State of
16    Illinois, medication that has been prescribed by a health
17    care practitioner in connection with the treatment,
18    therapy, or prophylactic care of a rare blood disease and
19    is in the possession, custody, or control of the patient
20    or the patient's caregiver or legal guardian.
21        (2) for a patient who is not a resident in the State of
22    Illinois, medication that has been prescribed by a
23    physician, physician assistant with prescribing authority,
24    advanced practice nurse with prescriptive authority who is
25    licensed in the state of the patient's residency; is in
26    connection to the treatment, therapy, or prophylactic care

 

 

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1    of a rare blood disease; and is in the possession,
2    custody, or control of a patient, patient caregiver, or
3    patient's legal guardian; provided that the prescription
4    medication is accompanied by either an original or copy of
5    the prescription signed by an authorizing physician or the
6    packaging indicates the name of a dispensing pharmacy and
7    the prescription was written in the name of the patient.
8    "Rare blood diseases" means a group of disorders that
9share the inability to form a proper blood clot, characterized
10by extended bleeding after injury, surgery, trauma, or
11menstruation, or sometimes spontaneously, without a known or
12identifiable cause. "Rare blood diseases" includes hemophilia
13A and B, Von Willebrand Disease, and such additional
14conditions as may be determined by the Illinois Department of
15Public Health pursuant to notice and rulemaking.
16    "Rare blood disease treatment factors" includes Factor
17VII; Factor VIII; Factor IX; Von Willebrand factor;
18desmopressin; anti-inhibitor coagulant complex; complexes,
19conjugates, or derivatives thereof (including those complexed
20to polyethylene glycol; genetically modified or synthesized
21variants; or partial fragments of such factors that provide
22clinical activity); and such additional medications as may be
23determined by the Illinois Department of Public Health
24pursuant to notice and rulemaking used in the treatment of
25rare blood disease.
 

 

 

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1    Section 15. Administering patient-carried medication. Any
2emergency personnel may assist a patient with a rare blood
3disease in emergency situations to administer patient-carried
4medication if the administration is:
5        (1) consistent with written instructions from an
6    authorizing physician, such as a written care plan;
7        (2) consistent with the package labeling;
8        (3) via routes of delivery that are within the scope
9    of training of the emergency personnel; or
10        (4) consistent with a care plan that previously was
11    filed by or on behalf of the patient with the chief
12    emergency personnel officer, or his or her designee,
13    provided that the care plan has been independently
14    approved by a health care practitioner.
15    The activity authorized under this Section may be taken
16irrespective of the age of the patient and without the need to
17secure separate consent from the patient or the patient's
18caregiver or a legal guardian if the emergency personnel take
19steps to deliver the patient to a receiving hospital and the
20receiving hospital is informed of the pending arrival of the
21rare blood disease patient, along with the treatment
22instituted by the emergency personnel.
 
23    Section 20. Liability. When emergency personnel administer
24patient-carried medication in good faith, the emergency
25personnel, and their employer, employees, and agents, as well

 

 

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1as the health care practitioner or, for out-of-state
2residents, prescribing physician, physician assistant with
3prescribing authority, or advanced practice nurse with
4prescriptive authority, shall incur no civil or professional
5liability, except for willful and wanton conduct, as a result
6of any injury or death arising from the assistance of the
7administration of a patient-carried medication for patients
8with a rare blood disease.
 
9    Section 25. Training program. The Department of Public
10Health may conduct or approve a training program for emergency
11personnel to recognize and learn additional treatment
12protocols for rare blood disorders.
 
13    Section 90. The State Mandates Act is amended by adding
14Section 8.45 as follows:
 
15    (30 ILCS 805/8.45 new)
16    Sec. 8.45. Exempt mandate. Notwithstanding Sections 6 and
178 of this Act, no reimbursement by the State is required for
18the implementation of any mandate created by this amendatory
19Act of the 102nd General Assembly.